Canada has a long history of public broadcasting. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) was set up in the 1930s in response to the growing influence of American radio.
Canadian-born Conrad Black, who was convicted of fraud, at one time controlled one of the world's biggest media empires
Broadcasting in French and English, the CBC runs four radio networks featuring speech-based and cultural programmes. It operates two national TV channels, TV and radio services for indigenous peoples in the north and the international broadcaster Radio Canada International.
There are just under 2,000 licensed radio stations in Canada, many of them commercial. There is extensive take-up of multichannel TV.
The Canadian media are free to present a wide range of views and opinions. The broadcasting regulator rules that quotas of Canadian material - usually 30-35% - must be carried by TV and radio stations.
Nearly 27 million Canadians were online by March 2011 (Internetworldstats.com).
- The Globe and Mail - Toronto-based national daily
- La Presse - Montreal-based daily
- The Toronto Sun - daily
- National Post - daily
- Le Journal de Montreal - daily
- The Vancouver Sun - daily
- The Gazette - Montreal-based daily
- The Toronto Star - daily
- Maclean's - weekly news magazine
- CBC - public, operates English-language national network and cable news channel CBC Newsworld
- Societe Radio-Canada - public, operates national French-language network and cable news channel RDI
- CTV - major commercial network
- TVA - major French-language commercial network
- Aboriginal People's TV Network (APTN) - Winnipeg-based national network, via cable and satellite
- CPAC - parliamentary and political channel
- CRTC - regulatory body; the CRTC website has information about the main TV groups and their services
- CBC - public, operates English-language network Radio One and cultural network Radio Two
- Societe Radio-Canada - public, operates French-language services Première Chaîne and Espace Musique
- Radio Canada International - external service run by CBC
- CRTC - regulatory body; the CRTC website has information about the main radio groups and their stations