Obama and Xi end 'constructive' summit


The two leaders agreed to "co-operate" on North Korea

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US President Barack Obama and Chinese leader Xi Jinping have ended a two-day summit described by a US official as "unique, positive and constructive".

US National Security Advisor Tom Donilon said Mr Obama had warned Mr Xi that cyber-crime could be an "inhibitor" in US-China relations.

He also said that both countries had agreed that North Korea had to denuclearise.

The talks in California also touched on economic and environmental issues.

The two leaders spent nearly six hours together on Friday and another three hours on Saturday morning at the sprawling Sunnylands retreat in California.

Tom Donilon: "If there continues to be this direct theft...it's going to be a difficult problem in the economic relationship"

While briefly appearing for a stroll together on Saturday, Mr Obama described their progress as "terrific".

After the talks concluded, Mr Donilon told a press conference that President Obama had described to Mr Xi the types of problems the US has faced from cyber-intrusion and theft of intellectual property.

He gave no details but said Mr Obama underscored that Washington had no doubt that the intrusions were coming from inside China.

Earlier, Mr Xi's senior foreign policy adviser Yang Jiechi told reporters that China wanted co-operation rather than friction with the US over cyber-security.

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It perhaps sounds overly dramatic to suggest the purpose of the Sunnylands summit was to avoid World War III, but it is certainly aimed at making sure both sides know the flashpoints, and talk about them, long before disagreements degenerate into something worse.”

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"Cyber-security should not become the root cause of mutual suspicion and friction, rather it should be a new bright spot in our co-operation," he said.

On North Korea, Mr Donilon said the two leaders had achieved "quite a bit of alignment".

"They agreed that North Korea has to denuclearise, that neither country will accept North Korea as a nuclear-armed state and that we would work together to deepen co-operation and dialogue to achieve denuclearisation," he said.

Immediately after the summit ended, the White House issued a statement saying the two nations had agreed to work together for the first time to reduce hydrofluorocarbons - a potent greenhouse gas.

The BBC's North America editor Mark Mardell says the White House appears to be delighted by the summit, with Mr Donilon repeatedly calling it "unique".

Chinese and US media reaction

"The summit at the Sunnylands estate was notable for its dress code: No one wore neckties, a testament to the oven-like heat and carefully scripted informality of the presidents' first meeting since Xi assumed office in March... Some China watchers and historians say they were struck by how Xi seemed to move comfortably like a Western leader, not only in loosening his collar but also in how he seemed to stroll at ease with Obama as the two leaders engaged with each other." LA Times

"At the time of their mutual opposition to the Soviet threat, the forces that drove China and the United States closer to each other were passive. Today, as ties between the two countries grow, the impetus behind their rapprochement is an active and sober call from the heart." People's Daily

The summit was the first meeting between the two men since Mr Xi became president in March.

It was billed as a chance for the two to get to know each other.

Speaking after his first session of talks with Mr Xi on Friday, Mr Obama described cyber-security as "uncharted waters".

On Friday, the Guardian newspaper published what it described as a US presidential order to national security and intelligence officials to draw up a list of potential overseas targets for US cyber-attacks.

The White House has not commented on the report.

The US and China are the world's two largest economies. The US runs a huge trade deficit with China, which hit an all-time high of $315bn (£204bn) last year.

Last week, the Chinese firm Shuanghui agreed to buy US pork producer Smithfield for $4.7bn (£3.1bn) - the largest takeover of a US company by a Chinese rival.

The deal highlights the growing power of Chinese firms and their desire to secure global resources.

US producers want China to raise the value of its currency, the renminbi, which would make Chinese goods more expensive for foreign buyers and possibly hold back exports.

Beijing has responded with a gradual easing of restrictions on trading in the renminbi.


  • Built in the 1960s in Rancho Mirage, California, as a home for Walter and Leonore Annenberg
  • 25,000-sq ft house was designed by renowned American architect Quincy Jones
  • 200-acre estate includes 11 lakes, a tennis court, and a nine-hole golf course
  • In 2001, the Annenbergs directed that the estate be available to serve as a sanctuary for high-level national and world leaders seeking privacy and peace for resolving international issues
  • Has hosted seven US presidents, British royalty and other world leaders

Intellectual property is also an area of concern for US firms.

A report last month by the independent Commission on the Theft of American Intellectual Property put losses to the US from IP theft at as much as $300bn (£192bn) a year. It said 50-80% of the thefts were thought to be by China.

Ahead of the summit, White House officials told reporters hacking would be raised, amid growing concern in the US over alleged intrusions from China in recent months.

Last month the Washington Post, citing a confidential Pentagon report, reported that Chinese hackers had accessed designs for more than two dozen US weapons systems.

The US also directly accused Beijing of targeting US government computers as part of a cyber-espionage campaign in a report in early May.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 42.

    As these are now the two biggest nations on Earth, if they didn't sort out their problems by talking, we would all be in trouble. Glad they are talking.

  • rate this

    Comment number 40.

    Lived in China for years and followed all the ins and outs, also in the Chinese media as far as possible. Now I'm too tired to write in details after standing crushed like a sandwich for an hour in the Beijing subway, but what is clear is that tough times are coming to China, I'm afraid. Their demographics are against them and so is their lack of development across all aspects of society. Fragile.

  • rate this

    Comment number 30.

    Sino-US relations have been steadily improving since 9/11. Current issues raised include North Korea, Taiwan & the Global Economic Forum, Kyoto Protocol issues have also been discussed. Currently Xi & his administration increased economic relations with the USA which has been linked to the IT & Automobile industry. Recent diplomatic exchanges have focused on international cyber infringements.

  • rate this

    Comment number 20.

    The Americans have a fixated image in the Chinese mind just like the Chinese have a fixated image in American mind. All of these are just for show really. When Americans complain about this or that to the Chinese; I think all they hear is yep yep yep yep, noises. Sorry to sound so blunt. I wish both sides are more open minded but I doubt they really are!

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    The world is a baffling post ideological mess when you see scenes such as these. We are supposed to feel happy and relieved that these two powers are conversing. But what exactly are they conversing ?
    One power practices suppression and is very matter of fact about it , whilst the other on paper has a much worse record on incarceration whilst seemingly eager to protect their image of freedom.


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