Trump abortion row: Republican front-runner changes stance
- 31 March 2016
- From the section US Election 2016
US presidential hopeful Donald Trump has withdrawn a call for women who have abortions to be punished, only hours after suggesting it.
He had proposed "some form of punishment" for women who have abortions if they were made illegal.
But after strong criticism, Mr Trump repeated the Republican party line that only the person performing the abortion should be punished, not the women.
The Republican front-runner supports a ban on abortions, with some exceptions.
Abortion has been legal in the United States since 1973 after a landmark Supreme Court ruling.
Only the Supreme Court or a constitutional amendment has the power to overturn Roe v Wade and make abortion illegal.
Analysis: Anthony Zurcher, BBC News North America reporter
The Republican party's official position is that abortion should be illegal. Conservative politicians and anti-abortion activists who view abortion as akin to murder, however, tend to avoid outlining any criminal punishment for women who undergo the procedure, instead targeting the doctors responsible.
The reason for this is simple - to make abortion bans more acceptable to a general public that does not want to see possibly distraught women grappling with unwanted pregnancies sent to prison.
Donald Trump, as he is wont to do, just trampled through this carefully constructed conservative political dance with all the grace of a rhinoceros at a tea party. Thanks to his assertion, after prodding, that women should face "some form of punishment" for having an illegal abortion, the conservative pro-life movement is going to be forced to defend their beliefs on uncomfortable ground. Republican candidates will be asked, again and again, to defend or denounce Mr Trump's comments.
This is exactly the kind of scenario that terrifies Republican politicians about Mr Trump as their party's nominee. His ill-considered remarks and shoot-from-the-hip approach to media interviews could be a political minefield for their candidates in the autumn.
In all likelihood it's just a taste of things to come.
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'Horrific and telling'
Mr Trump's initial comments made during a town hall event with cable network MSNBC sparked a wave of criticism.
But he later maintained: "The woman is a victim in this case as is the life in her womb.
"My position has not changed - like Ronald Reagan, I am pro-life with exceptions."
Once a Democrat, Mr Trump has been criticised for supporting abortion rights in the past.
Some anti-abortion groups criticised Mr Trump's initial comments as extreme.
"Mr Trump's comment today is completely out of touch with the pro-life movement and even more with women who have chosen such a sad thing as abortion," said Jeanne Mancini, President of the March for Life Education and Defense Fund.
"No pro-lifer would ever want to punish a woman who has chosen abortion."
Democratic front-runner Hillary Clinton has been an outspoken critic of Mr Trump's stance on women's issues.
"Just when you thought it couldn't get worse. Horrific and telling," said Mrs Clinton after his latest comments.
Texas Senator Ted Cruz, Mr Trump's closest rival in the Republican race, also condemned the billionaire.
"Once again Donald Trump has demonstrated that he hasn't seriously thought through the issues, and he'll say anything just to get attention," Mr Cruz said.
His spokesman Brian Phillips added on Twitter: "Don't overthink it: Trump doesn't understand the pro-life position because he's not pro-life."
Republican leaders have expressed concern about Mr Trump's prospects in the general election because polls show that the New York businessman is extremely unpopular with female voters.
Mr Trump has come under fire for disparaging women including former presidential candidate Carly Fiorina and TV presenter Megyn Kelly.
"If Trump's words about women - calling us 'disgusting', 'slobs' and 'fat pigs' - didn't scare us, this should," said Kate Black of Emily's List, a group committed to electing female Democrats who support abortion rights.
His campaign manager, Corey Lewandowski, was arrested on Tuesday, accused of a minor assault on a female reporter. Mr Trump has vehemently defended Mr Lewandowski.
Anti-abortion activists traditionally have avoided placing blame on women who undergo abortions, but have focused on those who perform the procedure.
In recent years, conservatives have sought to tighten restrictions on abortion clinics and doctors rather than seek an outright ban.
Abortion rights advocates say these measures are meant to restrict women's access to abortion.
The new laws are particularly widespread in conservative southern states.
US media on Trump's abortion controversy
Donald Trump is "an uninformed opportunist," says Nicholas Kristof in the New York Times. "So maybe Trump, in his flip-flopping wavering about women's issues, can at least remind us of a larger truth. Whatever one thinks of abortion, criminalising it would be worse."
"GOP [Republican] analysts fear that a significant chunk of reliable Republican women voters are so horrified by the thought of a Trump presidency that they would vote for [Hillary] Clinton in November," writes Tracy Jan in the Boston Globe.
Katie Glueck and Kyle Cheney in Politico say: "While Trump has become a master at firing off controversial comments and earning kudos from his core supporters for his disregard for political correctness, the real estate mogul is making little headway in his recently stated goal of convincing the Republican Party to unify behind him as the front-runner."