seat on the street 09

به روز شده:  15:22 گرينويچ - سه شنبه 24 مه 2011 - 03 خرداد 1390

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seat on the street 09

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STEPHEN: There might be more and more different types of food available but not all of it is good for you. A combination of a poor diet and no exercise can cause health problems. In this week’s seat on the street we ask our expert about the growing problem of obesity.

Welcome to Seat on the Street

AL: Hello

Please identify yourself.

AL: I’m Ania Lichtraowicz - BBC Health Reporter.

Q1: What is the difference between being overweight and obese?

AL: A person who is obese or overweight carries too much fat, which can be very dangerous for their health. This is calculated by Body Mass Index (BMI) and it’s based on a person’s weight and height. A person with a BMI of more than 25 is overweight] and with a BMI of more than 30 is obese.

Q2: Why is obesity such a problem?

AL: Obesity like many chronic conditions can seriously affect someone’s health. It can lead to Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and stroke. It can also cause several types of cancer.

Q3: Is the problem getting worse?

AL: The latest figures from 2005 show that 1.6 billion people are overweight and 400 million are obese. The World Health Organisation says this number is set to increase. There’s also a growing problem with childhood obesity.

Q4: Is it only a problem in the western world?

AL: This is not only a problem in the western world but also in the developing world. In the Republic of Nauro in the South Pacific 80 percent of the population is overweight. Saudi Arabia, South Africa and and Tonga also have high levels of obesity. In Nairobi, the Kenyan capital, 12 percent of the population is obese.

Q5: Can obesity be prevented?

AL: Obesity like many chronic conditions can be prevented. Eating less sugary and fatty food is very important as is increasing healthy food in the diet like fruit and vegetables. Doctors say regular exercise at least five times a week is needed to maintain a healthy life style.

Q6: What’s being done to improve the situation?

AL: Some governments are launching initiatives to increase physical activity. They are also calling on the food industry to decrease the amount of salt, sugar and fat in processed food, as well as to decrease portion size. Ultimately though, it’s down to the individual.

Thank you for taking part in Seat on the Street.

AL: Thank you

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