BBC World Service Home PageBBC Persian Home Page


The Story of the Revolution

Part 4:
Revolution Day
Tehran had been awake throughout the night.
The curfew was ignored, and there were skirmshes in the streets
between demonstrators and the security forces.
Neither the
Prime Minister, Dr. Bakhtiar, nor the leaders of the revolutionary movement could predict what would happen.

Dr. Bakhtiar and General Qarabaghi had agreed to meet the next morning.
Dr. Bakhtiar was considering how he could restore order:
Dr Bakhtiar
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English

Mr. Kazem Jafroudi, a friend of both Dr. Bakhtiar and Mr Bazargan, was aware of the contacts between the army and government and the content of their discussions:
Mr Jafroudi
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English

A group of military commanders, members of the Supreme Council of the armed forces, headed by General Qarabaghi, met in the morning to make the army's most important decision:
Field-Marshal Qarabaghi

Later that day, Tehran Radio announced the decision of the forces to remain neutral.
Dr. Bakhtiar heard this for the first time when it was broadcast on the radio:

Tehran Radio

At about the same time, Mr. Jafroudi was waiting in his house where General Qarabaghi, Dr. Bakhtiar and Mr. Bazargan were due to meet:
Mr. Jafroudi
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English

On that afternoon, after the declaration of neutrality, General Qarabaghi visited the Lavizan Garrison, in north Tehran:

General Qarabghi
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English

Meanwhile, Ayatollah Khomeini sent a statement to the nation, read by Ayatollah Moussavi Ardabili, on Tehran Radio:
Ayatollah Khomeini
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English


Tehran radio contacted Mr. Bazargan, who was still in Mr. Jafroudi's house:

Tehran Radio
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English


Once Mr. Bazargan had declared the victory of the revolution, the last government of the Shah was effectively overthrown.
On the same evening the revolutionary forces took over the radio and television stations:




Governement overthrown
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English

On the evening of 11 February 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini was in power and Mr. Bazargan was his prime minister.
Mr. Bazagan, speculated on the future and what was to rise from the ashes of the Pahlavi dynasty:
Ayatollah Khomeini
Listen in PersianAudio or read in English




Home/ News BBC Persian
Home/ News BBC Persian
Dialogue BBC Persian
PIck of the Week BBC Persian
Arts, Music & Literature  BBC Persian
Iranian Cinema BBC Persian
Friday Special BBC Persian
Women BBC Persian
Forum BBC Persian
About Us BBC Persian
The Story of the Revolution BBC Persian
Radio Schedules  BBC Persian

Part 1:
Ayatollah Khomeini returns
Part 2:
One country - two governments
Part 3:
The last struggle of the army
Part 4:
Revolution Day
Who's who..........
...... what they said...



Top of Page

© BBC
BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London, WC2B 4PH, UK
Tel: +44 (0)171 240 3456