With sea levels predicted to rise by 59cm by 2100, should we run for the hills or develop more defensive measures? Professor Robert Nicholls, an international expert on coastal engineering, runs through the options.
Natural flood defences
Faced with devastating storm surges, New York and San Francisco are considering radical new ways to defend themselves. Instead of constructing huge concrete barriers they’re exploring using natural wetlands and marshes.
The Underground Temple
Tokyo’s answer to flooding is a twenty year, $2billion project to build the world’s largest underground flood water defence. Dubbed the Underground Temple, it consists of massive 50-metre high cavities with water pumps powered by jet engines.
Adam meets Mason Peck
In Silicon Valley, Adam visits Mason Peck Chief Technologist for NASA to find out about new developments in technology.
Projects to improve overall health
We learn about Vasper, who claim they can deliver the benefits of a two hour work out in just twenty minutes and Scout an innovative home medical diagnostic tool.
Future of transport infrastructure
Adam finds out about Skytran and how the morning commute could look very different in the future.
Organic solar technology
We visit a company in Cambridge who believe molecules like C60 will revolutionise how and where we generate electricity from the sun
At the Royal Institution
Sir Harry Kroto talks to us further about C60 and how his work is centered around nanotechnology.
The Artificial Leaf
Adam travels to Boston to meet Harvard professor Daniel Nocera who has created a device that has the ability to replicate photosynthesis
Meeting a global authority on CO2
Stuart Haszeldine talks to us about carbon capture and storage
Investigating carbon capture testing
Reporter Anna Holligan visits a Technology Centre in Mongstad to see carbon capture testing on an industrial scale
Turning Carbon Dioxide into fuel
We visit a company in the North of England who are not storing CO2 but using it to create a synthetic fuel
A demographic revolution
Looking at innovative ways to care for the world’s rapidly ageing population with ideas from MIT’s AgeLab to robots in Tokyo.
Life as a senior citizen
Adam tries on ‘Agnes’, a specially designed suit that replicates the mobility and visual difficulties caused by ageing.
Driving Miss Daisy
The driving simulator designed to evaluate how in-car technology could be improved for those affected by certain ageing conditions.
Meeting Lord Professor Ara Darzi
Adam speaks to Lord Professor Ara Darzi who has been at the forefront of healthcare innovation for the best part of two decades
Organs on a chip
The Horizons team visit Harvard University to speak to Donald Ingber about the team’s research into personalised medicine
Doomsday for the virus?
Todd Rider from MIT talks us through the most exciting medical discovery since penicillin
The people’s encyclopaedia
Adam meets Jimmy Wales, the founder of Wikipedia to discuss how simple advances in technology are changing the way people live
The Horizons team travel to India to meet a company creating apps and online games to educate and empower the people at the very bottom of India’s economic pyramid
The open data movement
Road testing San Francisco’s Open Data initiative to share government information with the city’s residents
Space aid for African farmers
Adam visits a UK company building affordable satellites to give farmers in Africa access to unprecedented information about the crops they grow.
Feeding the planet
Adam meets Jeffrey Sachs, Director of the Earth Institute and Special Advisor on Hunger to United Nations to discuss the growing challenge of feeding the planet.
China’s green ring of farms
Reporter James Chau investigates how China tries to feed more than 20 percent of the globe’s population with just seven percent of the world’s arable land.
City of the future
Adam meets Daniel Libeskind, world-renowned architect and city planner to discuss the cities of the future
Reporter James Chau visits Shanghai to investigate how the city’s rapidly increasing population is changing the way buildings are designed
From wasteland to eco-district
How the Swedish city of Malmo has created Europe’s first carbon-neutral neighbourhood.
Adam meets Bill Ford, a global player in the auto business to discuss the prospect of millions more cars on the planet
Adam travels to Sweden to visit Volvo who are creating an autonomous driving car as the answer to the future of mass mobility
Shanghai’s air, rail and road hub
Reporter James Chau visits Shanghai to investigate how the city is tackling the mass transit of people
Keeping fruit and veg cool in India
The Horizons team visit India to find out how food waste could be reduced
How can we reduce food waste?
Adam meets UN food agency chief Dr. José Graziano da Silva to discuss reducing the food wastage
Talking fruit and veg
Reporter Anna Holligan visits the Dutch University developing technology that enables food to ‘talk’ about its condition
Demand For Power
Norway’s mountain cooler
How Norway is using a former NATO weapons site deep inside an island mountain to keep a massive data storage centre cool using fjords with their abundant water resources.
Will super-cooled ceramics as a means of transporting electricity without energy leakage ever be viable? Japan thinks so and has a pilot transmission grid made out of superconductors up and running in Tokyo.
The building that cools itself, naturally. Fed by rainwater it reduces the air temperature around the building by two degrees. Doesn’t sound much but the heat island effect in Tokyo has raised average temperatures by two degrees over the last 100 years.
The toilet challenge
Today two-fifths of the world’s population still have nowhere to go to the toilet except on open ground, however new technologies are changing the way we deal with human waste
More people in India own a mobile phone, than have access to an indoor toilet. Discover how one simple solution is already bringing better sanitation to an estimated ten million people a day.
From waste to worth
The innovative process that is extracting nutrients for agriculture from human waste that otherwise causes environmental pollution.
Shifting Global Demographics
The decline of the child
In 1960, there were one billion children, roughly a third of the global population. Today there are more than 1.8 billion but as a proportion they account for less. Influential Swedish statistician, Hans Rosling, explains why.
Wiring up greying America
More older people, means more pressure on expensive healthcare and nursing homes. Researchers in the US have created a pilot living lab to monitor the habits of the elderly to see how more independent living could be supported in the future.
A fresh approach to dementia
In the Netherlands, carers have created an innovative specially designed village for people with dementia. Heavy medication and locked doors are out. An almost normal home-like environment with shops and a village atmosphere are in.
Each year 1.3 million people die in our urban areas because of outdoor air pollution. More startling is that a further two million die by poisoning themselves in their homes by cooking on open-fires. Renowned expert Professor Veerahadran Ramanathan, explains.
Indoor air pollution is one of the biggest preventable threats to mankind’s health and the environment. Thankfully, solutions are available. One innovative alternative to open fires in homes is a clean cook stove that reduces smoke by more than 90 percent.
Two decades ago, Mexico City was the world’s most polluted city. But today, the air is cleaner thanks to smog reduction efforts. We visit a vertical garden that filters greenhouse gasses and generate a year’s oxygen supply for one person from each square metre of foliage.
Grow your own organs
Scientists are rewriting the book of medicine, according to Dame Julia Polak, a pioneer in the field of tissue engineering. She says advances in medical science are helping biomedical engineers grow organs in the lab.
Innovations in computer-aided manufacturing technology could help bio-medical engineers repair damaged nerves and restore sensation and movement in patients with injured limbs.
In California, electrical engineers are using cell phone technology to develop tiny robotic medical devices capable of travelling through the human bloodstream to monitor a patient’s health or deliver drugs.
Episode 1: Future Transport
Adam is in the US to discuss “Global Gridlock” with Bill Ford Junior and his company’s approach to moving forward from traditional petrol vehicles.
In Oxford, England we meet the industrial pioneers that are pushing the boundaries of how to store hydrogen for use as a fuel source.
In China, there are already approximately 120 million electric bikes in use. Could this evolution in transportation be the solution for avoiding a gridlocked future?
Saima travels to Scotland, where the shipping industry there is taking great leaps and bounds towards reducing emissions through the development of hybrid ferries.
Episode 2: Nanotechnology
What is graphene?
Saima travels to Rice University in Houston to find out more about Graphene – the strongest and most conductive material ever found.
Nanotechnology & cancer
Back in the UK, Adam learns about how nanotechnology is leading the way in the development of new methods of diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
The electronic nose
Finally, Adam is introduced to a device, created with the latest nanofabrication techniques, which can accurately identify individual airborne chemical agents.
Episode 3: Carbon Footprints
Carbon neutral supermarket
Adam talks to Tesco about reducing carbon emissions and goes to Ramsay, Cambridgeshire where they claim to have set up the world’s first carbon neutral supermarket.
In London, we see a ground-breaking new holographic technology which may help in reducing the need for business travel, as well as receiving a royal message.
Fuel cell power generation
In California, Saima meets with Bloom energy, whose fuel cells generate electricity without combustion – opening up local power generation to some of the world’s most remote communities.
Episode 4: Urban Farming
A rooftop farm
In New York, Adam visits an urban farming collective who have reduced the “farm to fork distance” to just a few metres.
We discover a self-contained ecosystem where fish in an aquarium and plants grown in a hydroponic farm work in symbiosis.
The LED farming revolution
Saima travels to the Netherlands to visit the farm that is using LED bulbs to harness specific wavelengths of light and promote growth in indoor vertical gardens.
Increasing yields in farming
The LEDs are also helping to increase yields by up to twenty times per metre per year compared to growing in an open field.
Episode 5: Disaster Aid
In Canada, Adam meets the inventors of BioDiaspora – an innovative way in which the potential spread of an infectious disease can be predicted.
Adam investigates how international travel can contribute to the global spread of infectious diseases like SARS.
Saima is in Texas, at Disaster City – the most comprehensive disaster response training facility in the world – to learn about preparing for emergencies.
Episode 6: Low-tech Innovations
Sustainable water pumps
Saima travels to rural Kenya where she sees the work of Danish company Grundfos, who have built a business around supplying clean water to the villagers.
In Nairobi, Saima finds out how Kenya has pioneered innovation in mobile money allowing people to make transactions without cash.
The Green Wall of China
Soil erosion is sometimes called the silent crisis, in that its effects can creep up slowly but with devastating consequences. Adam visits the Gobi desert to see a potential low-tech solution.
Building new rivers
In Beijing there are almost no natural rivers left flowing, so the authorities have embarked upon an ambitious project to create a new system of man-made waterways.
Episode 7: Technobody
Synthetic human organs
Adam meets a team who have created a way of “printing” human ears – a technology in its infancy that could revolutionise human organ transplants.
In California, Saima meets a company whose exoskeleton technology, initially developed for the US military, is helping people with spinal injuries to walk
The data of emotions
At MIT, we are introduced to a piece of technology – the Q sensor – which can measure a person’s emotional state and looks at its application with people on the autism spectrum.
Futurist Ray Kurzweil
Ray Kurzweil discusses the exponential increase of technology, his theory of The Singularity, and what it could all mean for the possibly indefinite extension of our lifespans.
Episode 8: Robotics
Adam travels to Boston Distribution Centre, which is run largely by mobile robots – is this the future of distribution operations?
Medical Robot Laboratory
At Technische Universiteit Eindhoven Saima discovers robotic surgery – a radical new technique which allows surgeons to be more precise than ever.
At Philadelphia Fire Department, Adam discovers the ‘Quadrocopter’ – which can be flown into and immediately create a visible 3D map of any location.
The ‘Quadrocopter’ Explained
The functions, capabilities and limitations of this innovative invention are unearthed, revealing a revolutionary A.I. beneath.
Episode 9: Food Sustainability
Saima travels to Kenya to see how the Kenyan government and Farm Africa are trying to combat dwindling fish stocks with aquaculture.
The fishing industry
Adam visits Billingsgate market and tackles the question of sustainable fishing and the challenge that faces us globally.
Adam travels to the Millennium seed bank to see the work they are doing as demands for food globally rises.
Saima looks into the cassava crop crisis in Kenya which led to the development of a new disease-resistant hybrid version of the staple cassava plant.
Episode 10: Eco Cities
The city of the future
Adam visits Tianjin, an eco city that is under development in north east China, to find out more about town planning in the future.
Adam meets Richard Register – the man who coined the phrase “eco city” – to find out what exactly it means.
Saima meets a property developer in India, who has his sights firmly in the future of sustainable housing development.
Saima travels to Bangalore in India to find out about eco living and meets residents who have been living in eco homes for three years.
Episode 11: Smart Nutrition
Meat created in a lab
18% of greenhouse gases come from livestock farming, Saima is in Maastricht to investigate a new alternative – “synthetic meat”.
Bugs. Food of the future?
Elsewhere in the Netherlands, Saima meets a scientist and a chef that are trying to add insects to the global diet.
Adam is in Brazil, where a government-sponsored project is tackling the problem of malnutrition by selectively breeding crops.
Episode 12: Security Innovation
In Sao Paulo, Adam discovers how innovative new technology is aiding one of the busiest police forces in the world.
Video use in crowd control
Adam sees how biometric facial recognition systems are being put to use to make the population of Sao Paulo safer.
Counterfeit drugs in India
Saima is in Delhi to find out how the Indian authorities are tackling the fight against the increasingly prevalent counterfeit drug trade.
Authentication via SMS
Saima meets a company that is hoping to tackle the huge counterfeit drug market in India using an easy SMS authentication system.
Episode 13: Reusing Waste
Sewage into Plastic
Saima investigates how human waste destined for the sewer is being reclaimed for the bioplastics industry by using bugs that can turn it into useful plastic products.
Building plastic roads
In Bangalore, Saima discovers how discarded plastics from the city are being given a second life as road surfaces.
Waste management in Mumbai is becoming ever more important – Saima is there to see how new projects aim to reduce the waste created.
Episode 14: Future Construction
Adam visits a company that is prefabricating building parts in an effort to make construction more economical and energy efficient.
Cement is the building block of the urban environment; how one British company is looking at how to create it without releasing any CO2.
Transforming social housing
Adam meets an architect who has helped to transform a Brazilian favela in a socially responsible and profitable way.
Episode 15: Accessible Technology
Saima is in Kenya, where she hears about a solar-powered alternative to burning kerosene as a light source in rural areas.
Kenya has pledged to be kerosene-free by 2018. Saima finds out how fishermen are replacing their lamps with solar solutions.
One laptop per child
Saima sees how low-cost laptops are being distributed around the world, helping to join the developing world up to the global network.
Life-saving water bottles
Adam sees a demonstration of a water bottle that uses nanotechnology to help turn unsanitary water into pure drinking water.
Episode 16: Megacities
In London, Adam discusses the challenges of cities with over 10m inhabitants and in Mumbai, Saima sees solutions in action in a new megacity.
The 30-minute city
In Sao Paulo, Adam talks to the Brazilian authorities about how they want to turn a neighbourhood of urban decay into a “30-minute city”.
London’s Olympic legacy
Saima talks to the team who have been charged with turning London’s Olympic park into sustainable new neighbourhoods.
Episode 17: Biofuels
Increasing ethanol yields
Ethanol is an important fuel in Brazil. Adam visits a plant which is looking to triple the amount of ethanol generated from sugar cane.
2nd generation ethanol
Adam gets a practical demonstration of the biological production process of turning the “waste” biomass into ethanol.
Plants into crude oil
Saima visits the lab where a team is using biotechnology to develop a method for converting plant material into crude oil with algae.
Saima explores the practical uses for the biofuels that are currently being created, and used, in the real world.
Episode 18: Keeping Safe
Universal ID programme
Saima investigates a new ID initiative, Aadhaar, which is aiming to set up a biometric database of every single Indian citizen.
Rolling out Aadhaar
Saima sees the direct benefits of the new identity programme and meets people who previously have not had access to basic facilities.
Streamlining air security
Adam is in the UK to look at how European airports are reacting to the potential relaxation of security surrounding liquids on flights. He is also introduced to a new innovation for aviation security that can detect dangerous liquids even in a sealed metal bottle.
Episode 19: Working Lives
Putting employees first
Saima meets a hotelier who believes that by creating happiness for his employees, the benefits will filter through to the customers and investors.
An attractive workplace
Adam discovers why China Mobile is the company that most university graduates in the country say they want to work for.
Saima is in the US to talk to the inventors of a robot that allows you to visit offices all over the world without leaving your own home.
Episode 20: Cleaner Energy
Adam is in the city where solar power is omnipresent and visits the building that boasts more solar panels than any other in the world.
A solar-powered city
Adam explores the factors that have led to solar water heaters being used by 95% of the population.
New nuclear processes
In the UK Adam visits a laboratory to see a new process which, thanks to particle accelerators, means thorium can be used as a replacement for uranium.
Indian nuclear power
In trying to reduce reliance on imported uranium, one Indian project is using local engineering to build a new thorium-powered reactor.
Episode 1: Transport
The Pollution Cost
Densely populated Hong Kong presents enormous challenges for its transport system – and other cities are watching closely.
Paying Your Way
Hong Kong has developed sophisticated micro chip technology for its public transport network.
Hong Kong is developing a number of different electric vehicles to tackle its transport and pollution problems, but are they the answer?
CLP Power is responsible for the supply of 75% of Hong Kong’s energy – here they discuss their vision for 2020.
Episode 2: Buildings
40% of Europe’s CO2 emissions come from buildings. Germany is now on a massive programme of trying to improve their efficiency.
Good as New
How a pioneering self-sustainability project in the Willhelmsburg district of Hamburg is being brought up to date.
To make a real difference to our CO2 emissions, our homes can’t just consume less energy, they’ve actually got to create it on their own.
Testing technology to extremes
A unique study of energy saving devices assesses how the latest energy efficient technology performs in a range of conditions.
Episode 3: Water Power
Power from the sea
For a glimpse of where some of our energy could come from in 2020 Adam Shaw takes to the high seas off Northern Scotland.
Pelamis Wave Power produces giant tubes which float on the water generating power from the motion of the waves.
Testing and collaboration
The sites that are springing up around the Pentland Firth will eventually connect up into a European Supergrid.
Energy from the Loch
Marine Current Turbines has designed the world’s first commercial-scale off-shore tidal energy system – in Northern Ireland
Episode 4: Sea Defences
High Tech Water Divining
Following the severe floods of 1953, the Dutch built a system of defences to protect the region – here are the latest initiatives.
Living with The Sea
The sea level around the Netherlands may rise by 35cm by 2050; to cope they’re putting their architectural and engineering expertise to work.
Coping with floods
Room for the River is an initiative which has set up a number of projects whose aim is to alleviate pressure on the river system from flooding.
Working with Nature
The Dutch coastline is eroding so rather than building higher and stronger dykes, they’re finding ways of working with nature to protect it.
Episode 5: Agriculture
Learning from the Land
The quality of the soil is at the very heart of Kenya’s future ability to feed its people and expand its markets.
Rediscovering an Ancient Fertiliser
In Western Kenya, re:char is a start-up business that’s using a different way to enrich the soil.
Spreading Ideas, Transforming Farming
In the village of Kakan in Western Kenya, farmers are benefitting from an organisation which creates local support networks for farmers.
The Cream of the Crops
Leldet offers farmers the opportunity to buy different varieties of previously forgotten under-utilised seeds, more suitable for the area.
Episode 6: Communication Technology
India’s software industry is predicted to be worth $12 billion by the year 2015.
Neurosynaptic Communications has developed a diagnostic kit which uses the internet to connect patients in remote locations with doctors.
Learning the Lingo
One of the biggest challenges for communication systems in India is the language barrier. IBM has come up with a project it thinks can help.
Growing the Grassroutes
Adam Shaw visited the Hole-in-the-Wall project, which is seeking to improve the education of children in disadvantaged communities.
Episode 7: Natural Gas
Drilling for Natural Gas
Norwegian company Fugro is a global business operating seismic technology ships which pinpoint where to drill.
Capturing CO2 from Gas Flaring
Flares are very wasteful, and in Norway there are strict regulations on keeping them to a minimum.
Extending the life of Gas Wells
Norwegian company Statoil is developing ways to extend the lives of gas wells, and helping in the drive to cut CO2 emissions.
Interview with Statoil’s Chief Executive
Helge Lund believes natural gas is critically important in the race to reach global climate target objectives.
Hydrogen on Demand
Gasplas is a company that has developed a way of splitting methane into carbon and hydrogen, producing hydrogen on demand.
Episode 8: Tackling Diseases
Twin Health Burden
The World Health Organisation predicts that an ageing population will result in significant rises in deaths from chronic diseases.
Liver & Heart Disease
Precision engineering has a long heritage in Switzerland and is now aiding one of the biggest global health challenges – organ disease.
Novartis: access to medicines
In the developing world getting access to medication to fight infectious diseases is still a major priority.
The Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute plays an integral role in drug discovery for the global killer Malaria.
Episode 9: Energy Storage
Redox-Flow batteries for Solar Panels
Spanish company Tecnalia has developed batteries which work alongside solar panels to capture the energy produced.
Mini Wind Turbines
The densely populated city of Hong Kong is looking at how micro-generation can help fill the energy gap.
Using Salt to Store Solar Power
Torresol is using an ingenious system which involves salt to keep the power flowing from solar generation even after the sun goes down.
Episode 10: Food Waste
Tetra Pak pioneered the development of long life packaging, and its latest filling machine technology is also reducing food waste.
Radio Frequency Identification
ID Solutions in Parma has developed new technology to reduce waste during transportation.
Farm to Market
Italy is home to the Slow Food Movement – an international institution that promotes the growing and purchase of local produce.
Last Minute Market
Last Minute Market is a company which links retailers with charities, by collecting food and distributing it to people who can use it.
Episode 11: Waste Management and Recycling
21% of Danes live in the capital, Copenhagen, where people are incentivised to think about the waste they produce and recycle.
Every tonne of organic household waste can be turned into 80m3 of gas and 350kg of compost – products that can be sold on.
Denmark is trying to reduce the rubbish it produces, and also encourage businesses to take responsibility for the products they make.
New from Old
Designer Mette Bak Andersen is finding value in waste, by turning it into new products.
Episode 12: Health Technology and Personalised Medicine
The challenge for the bio and medical technology industry will be finding the right treatment, for the right patient at the right time.
Genome and Nanotechnology
Imperial College in London is home to the Institute of Global Health Innovation.
McLaren Applied Technologies develops commercial applications for the technology developed for sports cars and Formula One racing.
Episode 13: Air Transportation
Meeting the demand
It’s estimated that 12,000 new planes will need to come on stream by meet passenger growth and tough emissions targets by 2020.
The sun and air travel
Solar Impulse has a wingspan bigger than that of Boeing’s Dreamliner, but it has zero emissions, and only space for one person!
Competition in the air
Short Brothers is hoping it will challenge the duopoly of Boeing and Airbus in the single aisle jet market over the next decade.
Episode 14: Satellite Technology
The Space Challenge
Satellites have transformed our lives since the first was launched just over 50 years ago. The race is on to develop smaller, cheaper ones.
Broadband from Space
Europe’s largest space company has moved into an important growth area – providing the next generation satellites for broadband coverage.
The Economics of Space
The Surrey Space Centre is a major research centre for the UK space industry, and attracts students and academics from around the world.
With space becoming more and more overcrowded, CubeSail could offer a solution to dealing with space junk.
Episode 15: Disaster-proofing Buildings
Urbanisation means construction, and construction in disaster prone areas needs a lot of expertise.
A look at properties based on traditional building methods, and materials that absorb the power of the earthquake.
Sabiha Gokcen Airport
The recently completed Sabiha Gokcen airport is 200,000 sq. metres and claims to be the largest earthquake resistant building in the world.
Early Warning Systems
At Bogazici University they monitor seismic activity, so they can send messages for gas supplies, power plants and bridges to be shut.
Istanbul’s skyline has seen dramatic changes in recent years with a surge in the construction of skyscrapers.
Episode 16: Water Scarcity
A combination of population growth, urbanisation and climate change is threatening the very lifeblood of our planet.
By 2050 Israel estimates that 41% of the nation’s drinking water will come from the sea.
The coastal city of Hadera is home to the largest Reverse Osmosis plant in the world.
Israel recycles around 70% of their waste water – way in advance of any other nation.
Energy from Water Treatment
Emefcy is not only reducing the amount of energy used in the water purification process, it’s actually creating energy.
Episode 17: Wind Energy
Wind turbines are rapidly taking over the Texan landscape, and breathing new life into the local farming communities.
Supply & Demand
Researchers at the University of Texas are working on the problem of how to match supply with demand.
Roscoe Wind Farm
The largest wind farm in the world was completed in Roscoe, west Texas in 2009.
Broadstar Wind has designed a turbine to put energy generation where it’s needed most – on top of the industrial buildings that use it.
Episode 18: Farming Technology
The US Department of Agriculture is collaborating with researchers at Texas Tech University to test out a number of irrigation solutions.
Texas is home to 24 million people, and even small farmers here play a big part in producing sustainable food.
Central Pivot Irrigation
Fields in Texas are kept alive through an irrigation system operated from a central pivot that can be controlled via a mobile phone.
Soil Moisture Sensors
How internet-based technology is helping farmers manage their water usage more efficiently.
Episode 19: Brands
China has overtaken the USA to become the second largest luxury goods market in the world after Japan.
Shang Xia was only founded in 2008, and it’s busy building a brand around traditional Chinese values based on things like the tea ceremony.
Porcelain was invented in China thousands of years ago, and Asianera is maintaining that tradition.
China’s largest cosmetics company is Jahwa, and is trying to export its Herborist brand to Europe.
Episode 20: Deforestation
The Amazon rainforest stretches across an incredible nine countries in South America and covers over half of Brazil.
The Surui Tribe have fought to gain the rights to their land which will allow them to sell carbon credits.
Managing the Forest
Alianca da Terra encourages farmers and ranchers in the Amazon rainforest to practice sustainable forest management.