Taekwondo world champion Sarah Stevenson and rugby union players Chris Paterson of Scotland and Wales' Martyn Williams all become MBEs.
Ex-Aston Villa chairman
is made a knight, while former cricket umpire Dickie Bird is appointed an OBE.
Former Formula 1 champion Nigel Mansell also becomes a CBE for services to young people as President of UK Youth and veteran BBC broadcaster Stuart Hall receives an OBE, while England rugby league captain and Grand Final-winning Leeds Rhinos prop forward
becomes an MBE.
Racing car designer Adrian Newey, chief technical officer at the world champion Red Bull Formula 1 team, whose previous designs include the Williams car in which Mansell won the world title, is made OBE.
Iain CarterBBC golf correspondent
“Aside from his well-documented story of triumph in the wake of family tragedy, Darren Clarke is a significant golfing figure off the course as well. He has done great work in inspiring and mentoring young Northern Irish golfing talent. Rory McIlroy's record-breaking US Open triumph was one of the greatest UK sporting achievements of 2011. His eight-shot victory in America's national championship was confirmation of a colossal talent”
Golfer Clarke, 42, fired a final-round 70 at
Royal St George's in July
to finish five under par and hold off Americans Phil Mickelson and Dustin Johnson.
"It is a great honour and a fantastic way to end a great year. I am very proud for me and my family," said Clarke.
won the US Open
in Washington in June and climbed to number three in the world rankings.
He became the youngest US Open champion since Bobby Jones in 1923, who was just 21, and the youngest major winner since Tiger Woods triumphed at the Masters in 1997 while 21.
McIlroy was "humbled" to be on the list and said: "Many people on the honours list have made huge personal sacrifices and contributed significantly to society during their lives. I feel very fortunate to be in their company."
“It is such a huge honour to receive an MBE and it's fantastic to be recognised for the hard work I have put into taekwondo for the past 21 years”
Also appointed CBEs are professor Sarah Springman for services to triathlon, and Giles Clarke, chair of the England and Wales Cricket Board.
Former horse racing trainer Peter Walwyn becomes an MBE, while former dual-code rugby international Bev Risman, 74, and record-breaking greyhound racing trainer Charlie Lister, 71, are both appointed OBE.
Candidates linked to the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics have also been recognised with knighthoods for Charles Allen and John Armitt, who are both on the organising committee.
And Graham Henry, the former Wales coach who led New Zealand to victory in the 2011 Rugby World Cup, was made a Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit for his services to the sport.
The Football League's chief operating officer, Andy Williamson, 58, has been awarded an OBE after 40 years of unbroken service with the organisation.
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