Get Inspired: SAILING

Sailing is a sport in which the mental strength and physical ability of the sailor are pitted against the forces of nature.

Analysis

Rob Walker, BBC Sport

"These athletes are not just contending with the handling of their boat, they are contending with the elements that can change vastly on a day-to-day basis."

Why is it good for you?

The power required to manoeuvre the boat around the course ensures sailing builds strength and endurance in the arms, shoulders and chest muscles.

While sailing does improve power, it also aids the ability to think strategically and tactically due to the challenge of having to constantly react to changing conditions.

This means it is a sport in which people of all ages can compete against each other on equal terms. In the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo, Sir William Northam won gold in the 5.5m class when aged 59.

Spending time on the sea has been found to help people relax as the salt in the sea air helps balance the levels of serotonin, a chemical produced by the body associated with mood and stress.

Get involved

Sailing is one of the best ways to get away from it all, leaving the daily grind of a hectic work life behind while enjoying the excitement of being on the water.

Approximately 2.9 million adults in the United Kingdom are believed to participate in sailing activities.  Disciplines using sail power include yachting, dinghy and windsurfing, while those using mechanical power include personal watercraft, motor cruising and inland waterways.

There are more than 1500 sailing clubs in the UK, with each running Royal Yachting Association (RYA) courses for people of all ages and abilities.

For beginners, the RYA's Start Yachting  and Competent Crew  courses provide the perfect introduction to the sport, ensuring you learn the correct techniques in terms of sail handling, rope rigging, meteorology and helmsmanship.

Each RYA Training Centre  can provide all the safety kit you require and will have wet weather clothing available, meaning only the minimum of kit is needed to get started  .

Use the RYA's club finder to locate the club nearest to you. For more information, visit the Royal Yacht Association Northern Ireland,  Royal Yacht Association Scotland  and Welsh Yachting Association  websites.

More on the Royal Yachting Association website 

History

The sport of sailing gained considerable popularity in Holland about 400 years ago and, shortly after the restoration of the monarchy in the United Kingdom in 1660, King Charles II introduced sailing as a sport.

Sailing events at Rio 2016

Men: RS-X, Laser, Finn, 470, 49er

Women: RS-X, Laser Radial, 470, 49er FX

Mixed: Nacra 17

International yacht racing began in 1851 with the America's Cup and sailing was part of the first Olympics in 1896, but heavy winds saw the programme cancelled.

The breeze had died off by the time the Olympic flame arrived in Paris four years later and the sport has been contested at every Games since.

Women have always been allowed to compete in Olympic sailing with men, but in 1988 separate sailing events were introduced exclusively for women.

The classes of boats have changed over time as yacht design and technology has evolved. The mixed-gender Nacra 17 class will make its Olympic debut at Rio 2016.

More on the IOC website