World Cup 2014: Study reveals how teams have been perceived

England were eliminated after just two matches of the group stage
England were eliminated after just two matches of the group stage

Experts have compiled a database which reveals the words most frequently used to describe countries at the World Cup.

The Cambridge University Press study of a range of media sources found the words most associated with England were 'exciting', 'disappointing' and 'inexperienced'.

Germany were described as 'powerful', 'focused' and 'committed', with their fellow finalists Argentina being labelled 'confident' and 'unconvincing'. Hosts Brazil were 'emotional', 'popular' and 'desperate'.

The multi-billion word database of written and spoken English language was designed to give an indication of how each team was perceived by media and fans alike.

Earlier research by the organisation found that confidence levels in England were rated at 77 out of 100 on the day of their opening match, which ended in a 2-1 defeat by Italy.

Words used the most to describe countries
TeamWord 1Word 2Word 3
Source: Cambridge University Press
Algeriadeterminedpridetogether
Argentinaconfidentflairunconvincing
Australiapositiveeffortspirited
Belgiumflairdark horsetalent
Bosnia and Hercegovinainjusticedefensiveforceful
Brazilemotionalpopulardesperate
Cameroonhaplessbattlechaotic
Chileattackingtacticalthrilling
Colombiaunpredictableexcitingattacking
Costa Ricadynamicpacebattle
Croatiadangeroustacticalcompetitive
Ecuadorinconsistentstrongpotential
Englandexcitinginexperienceddisappointing
Franceorganiseddefensiveexciting
Germanypowerfulfocusedcommitted
Ghanamoneystrikepowerful
Greecedefensivecautiousstubborn
Hondurasphysicalspiritrobust
Irandefendhopedrought
Italyslowvulnerablepessimism
Ivory Coastpacephysicalstruggle
Japanpossessiondisappointingfrustrated
Mexicodeterminedtacticaltalented
Netherlandsrampagingstrategystunning
Nigeriainexperiencedspeedtough
Portugalfrustrationegodisappointing
Russiadraberrormediocre
South Koreawoefulfailureembarrassing
Spaindefensivepoorhumiliation
Switzerlandpacedifficulttalented
United Statesdeterminedheroiccourageous
Uruguaybitedisgracedo-or-die

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