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Since 1926, when archaeologist Toribio Mejía Xesspe first stepped into the trench that led him to discover the awe inspiring lines in the Peruvian desert, people have dedicated their lives to the discovery of their purpose and meaning. 

The images officially known as geoglyphs, were created by removing the rust coloured rocks and soft earth in the top layer of soil to reveal the light-coloured sand underneath.  The sharp contrast in colour was used make striking  “negative” images of familiar subjects such as monkeys, spiders and trees.

More than a thousand of these geoglyphs sprawl across the Nasca province, created by the Nasca people, who lived in this area from 1 to 700 C.E. The images have endured without human intervention, due to the small amounts of rain and wind in the region, that would normally erode them.

With the advent of flight in the 1930’s, the full glory of these astounding images could be seen and shared with the public. Academics, such as American professor Paul Kosok, were inspired to imagine that these lines were related to the stars and ancient calendars. Kosok called the 310 square mile area that is home to these series of drawings “the largest astronomy book in the world”. 

Maria Reiche, also known as ‘The lady of the lines,’ has spent 40 years continuing the work of Kosok and furthering the theory that the geoglyphs represent astrological symbols. Such was her passion for these ancient images that she chose to live near them to personally protect them from potential damage by hapless tourists.

The astrological theories proposed by Maria and Paul were discredited in the 70’s by researchers including Johan Reinhard, who have since put forward evidence that the lines were tied into the same regional weather patterns that have preserved them, a lack of rainfall and accessible sources of drinking water.

Reinhard purports that these lines were more that just reflections of the stars. That they were, in fact, messages from the Nasca people to their gods; ancient ceremonial sites where they prayed and perhaps made offerings to bring life giving rain.

While we can still only guess at what these ancient people were trying to communicate to the skies, the types of imagery used in the lines and our understanding of what they meant to these ancient peoples support this theory.

Spiders, for example, are believed to be a sign of rain, and monkeys are associated with the Amazon basin, where there is never a shortage of water.

With the advent of new technologies making the region more accessible, allowing a deeper look into the surrounding areas, we have discovered similar images in the adjacent Palpa province. And so the mystery of the lines and their story continues to grow.

Today, Peru is home to a steadily growing population of 32.5 million people with over 20% still living in rural areas such as this.

Having established ICT roots in South America since 2002, Huawei is headquartered in Mexico, Brazil and Panama, with 9 subsidiaries across the continent. Huawei’s mission and vision to connect the world has led them to build of 3,000 towers in rural locations around Peru in just 3 years, capable of connecting 4,000 people per tower. By building connectivity to even the most unexpected of locations, Huawei is committed to providing the power of digital transformation to every person on earth.


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