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Despite having an immensely rich cultural and spiritual heritage, amazing food, world-class hot springs and stunning scenery, Taiwan is normally thought of more for its exports than as a place to visit. To honour the 100th anniversary of the Republic of China (ROC) on 10 October (the ROC government controls Taiwan), we complied a list of five reasons why Taiwan should be on any traveller’s bucket list.

Scenery
Taiwan is a shutterbug's paradise. Running down the country’s spine is the Central Mountain Range, a magnet for mountaineers looking to scale east Asia's tallest peak, Yushan (Jade Mountain). Photographers are also drawn daily as Yushan’s peak is the perfect spot from which to catch a shot of the “sea of clouds” that sweeps over the mountains at dawn. Taiwan's beaches are beautiful as well, offering some of east Asia's finest surfing and windsurfing spots.

Running along a thin strip of land between the Central Mountains and the Pacific, Taiwan's East Coast Highway is easily one of East Asia's most beautiful spots for cycling. The Cycling in Taiwan website has information about trips, tours and bike rentals.

Cuisine
Taiwan draws much of its culinary heritage from China, but to label it “Chinese food” is an oversimplification. When the first Han settlers came from China, the recipes and cooking styles they brought along met the ingredients and culinary traditions of Taiwan's aboriginal people, becoming something new and different. This new cuisine was further modified, first by new immigrants from other areas of China, and later by the Japanese who ruled the island for 50 years. Seafood, sweet potatoes, taro root and green vegetables cooked very simply are at the heart of many traditional Taiwanese sit-down meals, while roadside stands and night market stalls offer variety to those who enjoy eating al-fresco.

Perhaps the best place for foodies to taste what Taiwan has to offer is at the local night market. Which is best is a source of heated debate, but for our money the Keelung Night Market (about an hour from Taipei) is tops, offering both an excellent selection and plenty of signs in understandable (and sometimes amusing) English. 

Hot springs
Being located on top of the geologically unstable “ring of fire” has one major upside – no matter where on the island you go, you are bound to be within shouting distance of an amazing natural hot spring. Taiwan is home to one of the globe's only accessible seawater hot springs, the Sunrise Spring on Green Island (a small island off the Southeast coast).

You do not even need to leave Taipei to soak: a quick hike from Taipei's Xin Beitou metro stop, you will find hotels and resorts that offer piped-in sulphur hot springs, said to be the all-around healthiest for the skin. There is also an excellent public hot spring. 

Two hours by train or bus from Taipei, the east-coast town of Jiaoshi draws hot-spring lovers from around the island. (There is even a hot-spring fed fountain outside the train station that folks soak their feet in). Jiaoshi's Art Spa Hotel has one of the town's best public spas, with multiple pools and Taiwan's only hot-spring waterslide.

Temples
Buddhist, Taoist and Confucian temples abound throughout Taiwan, not merely as static tourist attractions, but as active centres of culture and worship. Must-see temples in Taipei include Longhsan and Guandu temples (both of which have their own metro stations). The southern city of Tainan is a must-visit for temple lovers, and if you are willing to take a 40-minute flight to the windswept Penghu archipelago, you will be able to explore dozens of East Asia's most gorgeously ostentatious – and least visited – temples. 

Past a small gate in the heart of Taipei's ultra-fashionable Ximending district lies the small but utterly fascinating Tien-ho temple (51 Chengdu Road), complete with statues of Matsu (goddess of the sea) and ancient Chinese generals, a bell tower and a small dragon-shaped pond filled with huge carp.

Museums
Taiwan offers no shortage of activities for the erudite, and the capital's vibrant museum scene is yet another of its understated attractions. The most famous of these is the National Palace Museum in Taipei, which houses a sizable chunk of China's artistic heritage (taken -- or rescued, depending on who you ask -- by Nationalist troops fleeing China in 1949). So voluminous is this collection, which ranges from paintings and scrolls to ancient porcelain and statues, that only a fraction of it is ever on display at once. 

Taipei has dozens of other excellent museums catering to a wide variety of interests from modern art (the Museum of Contemporary Art) to religion (the Museum of World Religions) to very, very tiny things (the Miniatures Museum).

Joshua Samuel Brown is co-author on Lonely Planet’s latest edition of the Taiwan guide.

 

© 2011 Lonely Planet. All rights reserved. The article ‘Five reasons to visit Taiwan’ was published in partnership with Lonely Planet.

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