This tiny hamlet on the island of Karpathos is the bastion of a distinct culture, protected for centuries from the outside world by its isolation and strategic location.

The village of Olymbos looks precarious at best, perched high on a mountaintop above the plunging rocky shoreline of the Aegean Sea. However, this tiny hamlet on the island of Karpathos is the bastion of a distinct culture, protected for centuries from the outside world by its isolation and strategic location.

Situated on the western fringe of Greece's Dodecanese islands, Karpathos itself feels rather remote. Olymbos, in the mountainous, inaccessible north, feels worlds away from anywhere. The village's first residents were refugees from the island's seaside towns who fled into the mountains in the 6th Century to escape marauding Arab and Syrian pirates. While their prospects for life on top of a desolate mountain might not have seemed all that promising, they found plenty of fresh spring water; steep, lush valleys for terraced farming; and a superb vantage point that allowed them to see approaching enemies.

Years passed and although the pirates faded into history, a steady stream of subsequent invaders to the island made Olymbos a continued safe haven. There was no road to Olymbos - the rest of the island remained a long, steep hike down to the shore and a boat ride away. Yet, clinging to the side of Mount Profitis Elias, the community not only thrived as an agricultural centre but at times supported the entire island. The residents herded goats, farmed wheat, barley, olives and grapes and built more than 75 windmills. At its height, the population reached nearly 1,500.

Not surprisingly, Olymbos' seclusion from the rest of the world has engendered a unique culture, and in recent times it has been labelled a living museum. Ethnographers are entranced by a distinct dialect that continues to contain words from ancient Dorian Greek. Foodies are intrigued by the local cuisine - the bread, cheese and sweets found only here. Anthropologists are fascinated by the women's traditional dress, with its bright embroidering and goatskin boots, and by the one-room homes that line the winding streets. And musicians come to hear the age-old songs with fifteen-syllable lines and themes of migration and survival.

But with all of this attention, Olymbos is once again difficult to find, now buried beneath a stampede of tourists who have become the villagers' main source of income. Each summer day a boat carries curious visitors from the island's capital to a nearby port, from where a bus winds them up a paved road to Olymbos. It is sometimes claimed that the village's traditions are only maintained for the visitors ­­- that Olymbos has become a kind of theme-park.

To challenge this assertion, stay behind after the day-trippers have gone home. Better yet, head to the village out of season. This means a drive to the end of an extremely rough, unpaved road, snaking along the spine of the island's northern mountain range, filled with phenomenal views, jaw-chattering potholes and precipitous drops.

Without the influx of tourists, Olymbos exudes a certain quietness. You will not find much in the way of services but as you wander through the very narrow, cobbled alleyways you will happen upon women baking bread in outdoor, communal ovens, men whittling on doorsteps and neighbours gossiping in their distinctive dialect. They are dressed the way they have dressed for centuries and following with a lifestyle that continues to make sense in this mountaintop village. And as you stand with the windmills spinning behind you and the Aegean stretched out before you, you will know you are somewhere special. In a shrinking world there are not many places like Olymbos left. It is worth soaking up a little bit of the magic while it still survives.

Stay at Hotel Aphrodite ( for comfortable sunset rooms. Dine at Taverna O Mylos housed in a windmill, or Mike's Restaurant for traditional atmosphere. To reach Olymbos, join a boat and bus tour from Pigadia (€25) or rent a 4x4 from Pigadia.

The article 'The lost world of Olymbos' was published in partnership with Lonely Planet.