Planning a trip to the Hawaiian Islands but not sure where to start? Wherever you travel around the Hawaiian Islands, fantastical beaches, friendly faces and ono grinds (good eats) are practically guaranteed, but every island has a unique flavour.

Get swept up by the kinetic energy of the capital island, Oahu. Hang loose on Maui, which offers a little something for everyone, but especially for beach bums. Gaze at the towering sea cliffs on ancient Kauai. Wonder at new land being birthed by volcanoes on the Big Island, Hawaii's youngest isle. Escape to total resort luxury on Lanai or learn to live life off the land on rural Molokai, where native Hawaiian traditions run strong. Whatever you are seeking in paradise, the Aloha State has it - all you have to do is open your eyes.

Oahu: Best for beaches, food, museums
Multicultural modernism -
Explore Oahu if you want to take the measure of multiracial Hawaii, which confounds the categories of census-takers. Here, East and West merge as ancient Hawaii greets the 21st Century.

Big city, small island - Three-quarters of state residents call "The Gathering Place" home, and everyone rubs elbows - on the beach and the bus, on city sidewalks and country lanes. Still sprawling, even empty beaches are just a short drive from downtown Honolulu's art galleries, museums and monuments.

An endless feast - If you do nothing else on Oahu, eat. Japanese izakaya (gastropubs), island-style food trucks, high-wire fusion menus by Hawaii's top chefs - it is all here, waiting to be tasted.

Hawaii (The Big Island): Best for hiking, culture, wildlife
Hiking -
Kilauea, the most active volcano on Earth, conjures up a dreamscape for hikers: emerald amphitheatre valleys and icy waterfall pools, lava flows both active and ancient, crashing against rain forest and some of the loftiest summits your boots will ever struggle to top.

Hawaiian culture - On the Big Island, culture is participatory - absorbed, rather than simply observed. Here you are invited to create a lei, dance a hula, beware the night marchers and watch as fish are caught the old Hawaiian way.

Wildlife - Spinner dolphins leap in the air, sea turtles glide up to a seaweed buffet, and endangered nene cross the road regularly here. In winter, humpback whales are the show-stoppers.

Maui: Best for beaches, hiking, food
Sun and surf -
Justifiably famed for its glorious strands, Maui's got a beach for every mood - wind-whipped kiteboarding meccas, calm snorkelling coves, hidden gems and some of the biggest surfable waves on the planet. Or just plop down on the sand and scan the horizon for wintering whales.

Trails galore - Maui's trails go to the most amazing places: towering ridge-tops, cascading waterfalls, bamboo forests and a cindery volcanic national park. Choose from easy strolls to hardy backcountry treks.

Locavore heaven - Grass-fed beef from upcountry pastures and bountiful organic gardens ensure Maui's chef-driven restaurants have the raw ingredients to whip up their famed Hawaiian regional creations.

Lanai: Best for remoteness, history, beaches
Isolation -
Ignoring the great views of other islands, Lanai feels like an isolated bit of subtropical pleasure far from the rest of the world (as opposed to the 25-minute plane ride from Honolulu). There are not many people, the landscape is stark and you can go on adventures exploring its unvisited corners.

Pineapples - Nearly the entire island supplied the world with pineapples for much of the 20th Century. The crops are gone but the vintage plantation town of Lanai City still beguiles.

Hulupoe Beach - Lanai's one main beach is a beauty. The long, bay-side crescent of sand is good for snorkelling and it is backed by a tidy, uncrowded park.

Molokai: Best for culture, adventure, history
Most Hawaiian -
More than 50% of Molokai's people have indigenous heritage. Locals consistently favour preservation of the land and culture over schemes that would promote tourism. Yet there is aloha spirit everywhere and visitors find a genuine rather than a paid-for welcome.

Saint Damien - A young priest who travelled to the island's remote Kalaupapa Peninsula in 1873 to care for leprosy patients is America's first saint. Today the spectacular peninsula is a national park and a visit is one of Hawaii's top adventures.

Wild adventure - The world's tallest sea cliffs, misty rain forests, hidden waterfalls and deserted beaches are just some of the features that beckon.

Kauai: Best for beaches, hiking, food
The Northern bubble -
With the closest traffic light 20 miles away, the North Shore is home to many who came to check in and stayed to tune out. Surfing, hiking and a contagious laid-back vibe perpetuate the North Shore life.

Sunny Po'ipu - The most consistently sunny area on the island, Po'ipu is like a tropical version of sleep-away camp. Smiles abound on the South Shore as most days offer activities galore.

Canyons and cliffs - The rugged terrain on the Garden Island ranges from gaping chasms to sheer coastal cliffs, balanced out by copious verdant flora and topped by the wettest spot on Earth shrouded in cloud. As dramatic as any landscape on the planet, it is exemplary of Mother Earth's highest potential for land creation.

Island hopping itineraries
Island hopping is a great way to get more of a taste of the islands, but make sure you budget enough time to relax between your flights. Here are two recommended multi-island itineraries:

Maui, Lanai and Molokai (two weeks)
If you have time, money and want culture, outdoor adventure and peaceful relaxation in equal measure, combine a trip to Maui, Molokai and Lanai - half the time, you will not even need to drive. This trip is for lovers, culture vultures and anyone happy to spend a little more for plush lodgings and gourmet eats. But you also have to be willing to rough it once in a while, when the rewards - hidden waterfalls, epic sea cliffs - make it worthwhile.

First, spend five to six days in Maui. Make it easy on yourself: get a hotel room or a condo for the duration at Ka'anapali or Kapalua. Immerse yourself in Lahaina's whaling history and browse Kaanapali's Whalers Village Museum, enjoy some old-school aloha at the Old Lahaina Luau, take a whale-watching cruise, and for a thrill, try ziplining. As for beach time, some of Hawaii's most seductive strands await nearby, like Kapalua Beach or Honolua Bay. Take one full day to hike Haleakalā National Park's summit moonscapes and another to lazily drive down the Road to Hana, stopping off for waterfall hikes and to buy fresh coconuts.

Next, hop over to Lanai and take your pick of world-class resorts located in Lanai City and at Manele Bay, staying three or four nights. Things have been a little hectic so far, so play a round of golf, snorkel at Hulopoe Beach or take in the vistas from the Munro Trail. To really get away from it all, rent a four-wheel-drive vehicle and head for the Garden of the Gods and Shipwreck Beach.

Finally, spend four or five days on Molokai. Stay in a condo or B&B near small-town Kaunakakai. Day one: explore East Molokai, checking out Halawa Valley and perhaps a waterfall or two. Day two: trek to the Kalaupapa Peninsula and munch macadamia nuts at Purdy's farm. Day three: head out to the remote beaches of the island's West End or penetrate the dense forests of the Kamakou Preserve.

Oahu, Big Island and Kauai (three to four weeks)
If you want to live in the scenery (not just admire it), consider combining Oahu, the Big Island and Kauai, all of which together offer the hiking and backcountry adventures of a lifetime plus plenty of traditional and contemporary Hawaiian culture, not to mention tasty treats for your tummy. If you do not have three to four weeks consider doing just two of the islands.

Start on the capital island of Oahu, basing yourself in Waikiki or Kailua for a week. Among the major cultural sights around Honolulu, do not miss the Bishop Museum, Iolani Palace, the Honolulu Academy of Arts and Pearl Harbor. Along with time spent on Waikiki's beaches, snorkel at Hanauma Bay and hike to Manoa Falls after visiting the Lyon Arboretum. End each day exploring Honolulu's cuisine scene and enjoying heavenly Hawaiian music and hula with sunset cocktails by the ocean. Drive up the Windward Coast to the North Shore for surfing, stand-up paddle boarding and windy walks out to Kaena Point.

Mosey over to the Big Island and book a B&B in South Kona for a few nights. For ocean adventures, hike to secluded Makalawena Beach, kayak and snorkel at Kealakekua Bay and snorkel or dive at night with manta rays around Kailua-Kona. In Kau, go caving at Kula Kai Caverns, hike to Green Sands Beach, and follow the rugged Road to the Sea. Next, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park offers spectacular hiking and, if you are lucky, a chance to watch live lava flow into the sea. Afterward, bed down in a rainforest cottage in Volcano. Spend a night or two in Hilo, taking time to day-hike on Mauna Kea or to drive partway up the mountain for stargazing after dark. Last, explore Waipio Valley; if you have the time, consider backpacking to Waimanu Valley.

With another week or more on Kauai, spend a couple of nights camping and hiking at Koke'e State Park and Waimea Canyon State Park, then boogie up to the North Shore, mixing some camping at Anini Beach or Haena Beach with lodgings in Hanalei. Swim, snorkel and surf, but do not leave without tackling the Na Pali Coast's amazing Kalalau Trail.

The article 'How to choose a Hawaiian island' was published in partnership with Lonely Planet.