Below the surface of Palau’s Jellyfish Lake is an extraordinary yet fearful sight. On this Pacific island nation, 500 miles east of the Philippines, masses of jellyfish create floating, translucent walls, brushing past snorkeler’s arms and blundering into their bodies. Avoiding them is impossible.
But these are no ordinary jellyfish. After
centuries of evolution, the inhabitants of the Eil Malk island Jellyfish Lake no
longer sting – instead, they use their tentacles to farm algae. Because of
this, travellers are flocking to the area and there is a danger that
snorkelling in the lake could become too popular for its own good. A murky,
film already floats on the water’s surface, due in part to the sunscreen
worn by snorkelers as they plough through the jellies.
As a tiny nation of about 20,000 people and 12 inhabited islands (there are more than 200 volcanic and coral islands
in total), Palau’s
natural treasures are by far the country’s greatest assets, and Jellyfish Lake
is just one of them. The Rock Islands of Koror – hundreds of green-topped
limestone islands that spread out to the south and west of Koror Island, the
most populated of Palau’s islands – are a highly photogenic, tropical paradise.
The archipelago is also home to some of the best diving in the world.
But having such attractions and protecting
them is a delicate balance. To its credit, Palau has some of the toughest
environmental laws on Earth. In 2009, it became the first country in the world
to declare its territorial waters as a shark sanctuary. In 2010, that
protection was extended to all marine mammals. Some of the Rock Islands are
completely off-limits; it is illegal to even take a boat there without special
permission. There are also several other jellyfish lakes throughout the islands,
but people can only access the one on Eil Malk.
The latest step is a controversial one,
however. The Koror state government is dramatically hiking the price of visitor
permits for the Rock Islands and Jellyfish Lake. Starting 1 June, the Rock
Islands permit will go up from $25 to $50, and the Jellyfish Lake permit will
increase from $35 to $100.
By international standards, this is very
steep. In comparison, the Environmental Management Charge for the Great Barrier
Reef is about $6 per day and the individual entrance permit for the Grand
Canyon National Park is $12.
Some of the tour operators that take travellers
out to the Rock Islands are happier about this than others. There has been a
lot of local debate about how much of the price increase will go to environmental
protection and how much will go to filling government coffers.
“It’s a very difficult dilemma for a
developing nation,” said Marc Bauman, the director of sales and marketing at Sam’s Tours. “The government is always
trying to find ways to become self-sufficient and tourism is a good way [to
step towards that]. But it’s a simple fact that the more people you put in the
water, the more problems you have with the environment. Just look at the
damaged reefs in Hawaii or the Caribbean.”Indeed, Palau’s increasing popularity
is part of the problem. After years of attracting 80,000 to 90,000 visitors per
year, arrivals shot up by 26% in 2011. The bulk of the extra intake is coming
in on package holidays from Taiwan and Japan – and such price-sensitive travellers
are the ones likely to be put off by high permit charges for the main
In among the Rock Islands, it becomes
abundantly clear why Palau’s natural resources are such a draw. Boats chug
through the channels, with the lagoon waters running from milky greens to deep
blues. The islets are uninhabited, acting like giant grey-green studs on the
horizon. It is a dazzling visual treat that only gets better under the water.
Even with just a snorkel instead of a full diving apparatus, the clarity of the
ocean and the range of life within it is staggering. Swimming along the edge of
a reef wall, vast shoals flit at jagged angles around each other. In every
direction is a cast of thousands, occasionally punctuated by a showboating ray
or reef shark.
The challenge is keeping it this way –
and some people are prepared to accept the cost of doing so. Navot Bornovski, the co-owner of Fish ‘N’ Fins, is
adamant that Palau cannot go the way of other tropical destinations, where
development has won out. “This is the last place on the planet,” Bornovski said.
“When we ruin this, there’s nowhere to go. It’s our time to protect the last
Flights to Palau, landing at Palau International
Airport on Babeldaob island, are available from Guam and Manila on United
Airlines. China Airlines flies there from Taipei, while direct flights are also
available from Tokyo Narita with Delta and from Seoul with Korean Air.
Almost all accommodation is in Koror state, either
on Koror Island or on other islands linked to Koror by causeways and bridges.
The most luxurious option in the country is the Palau Pacific Resort, which has its own
private beach, pools and tennis courts. For those on a budget, the DW Motel offers an agreeable no-frills