2011年 8月 17日, 星期三 - 格林尼治标准时间11:19

Underwater Volcano 深海火山

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文字稿

Shimmering hot water seen coming out of an undersea volcano off the coast of Oregon.

During a routine visit to the area last month, researchers found lava coming out of a ventthat was formed on the seafloor.

Scientists who have been studying it for over a decade predicted that it would erupt before the year 2014.

According to them it's the first successful forecast of an underwater eruption.

中文文字稿

在位于美国俄勒冈州西部海域的一座海底火山附近能看到从火山中喷出来的热水。

在上个月的一次定期巡查中,研究人员发现有熔岩从海底区域形成的缝隙中流出。

科学家们在过去十年中一直在对这座火山进行研究并预测它将在2014年前再度喷发。

科学家们说,这是他们首次成功预测一座海底活跃火山的喷发。

词汇

shimmering: 微柔闪烁的

lava: 熔岩

a vent: 出气口,缝隙

erupt: 爆发,喷发

forecast: 预测

练习

请从下面的词汇表里选择答案来完成句子。

注意:你可能需要改变单词的时态来完成句子。

shimmering / lava / a vent / erupt / forecast

1.
What are believed to be the world's deepest undersea volcanic _________________ have been discovered in the Caribbean.

The _______________, known as black smokers, were located 5,000m (3.1 miles) down in the Cayman Trough.

2.
Mr Osborne's speech came a day after the Bank of England cut its growth ____________ for the UK for 2011 from 1.8% to 1.5%, warning that "the headwinds are growing stronger by the day".

3.
The southern white rhinos here, at first appearing like boulders on the ____________________ horizon of the African bush, were until recently a conservation success story.

4.
A chain of volcanoes has _________ in southern Chile, sending a column of smoke and ash high into the air.

5.
Europe's biggest active volcano, Mount Etna, is putting on a spectacular show as it continues to spew _______________.


答案

1.
What are believed to be the world's deepest undersea volcanic vents have been discovered in the Caribbean.

The vents, known as black smokers, were located 5,000m (3.1 miles) down in the Cayman Trough.

Source: 按键 World's deepest undersea vents discovered in Caribbean

2.
Mr Osborne's speech came a day after the Bank of England cut its growth forecast for the UK for 2011 from 1.8% to 1.5%, warning that "the headwinds are growing stronger by the day".

Source: 按键 George Osborne: UK faces 'long hard recovery'

3.
The southern white rhinos here, at first appearing like boulders on the shimmering horizon of the African bush, were until recently a conservation success story.

Source:按键 Clone zone: Bringing extinct animals back from the dead

4.
A chain of volcanoes has erupted in southern Chile, sending a column of smoke and ash high into the air.

Source:按键 Thousands flee homes as Chile volcanoes erupt

5.
Europe's biggest active volcano, Mount Etna, is putting on a spectacular show as it continues to spew lava.

Source:按键 Mount Etna eruption creates spectacular show

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