Rich and rude 上流人更易欺骗撒谎

更新时间 2012年 5月 4日, 星期五 - 格林尼治标准时间16:13

英语学习点社会等级词语 Vocabulary: Social class

Upper-class Edwardian man

It's official – rich people really are stuck-up, at least according to one recent piece of research.

A series of studies into unethical behaviour across the social classes has shown that posh people are more likely to cheat, lie and be greedy than people who are less well-off.

Researchers from the University of California secretly observed people's behaviour in the real world and in a number of studies in the laboratory.

The research showed that upper-class individuals are more likely to break the law while driving and take valued goods from others.

In the first study, researchers hid by a crossroads in San Francisco and spied on drivers who were meant to stop and wait their turn before driving on. Whenever a car arrived at the junction, the scientists ranked the driver's class according to the model, age and appearance of the car. Nearly 250 drivers were observed. About 8% of those in the less classy cars cut people up, but drivers in the most prestigious cars did so around one third of the time.

The results were similar when a pedestrian tried to cross. Drivers of the cheapest, oldest cars were most likely to slow down and give way, but those in the most fancy cars ignored the pedestrian around 45% of the time.

The researchers also found a strong link between social status and greed and selfishness, a connection they think might widen economic inequality between the rich and poor.

In several laboratory studies, the scientists found that the higher a person's class, the more likely they were to tell lies in negotiations and cheat for money.

It seems that the riff-raff always beat the toffs – at least when it comes to morals.

Quiz 小测验

1.Is this statement true, false or not given? Studies show that people from lower classes are more likely to cheat and lie than people from upper classes.

False. People who are high in social class are more likely to cheat, lie and be greedy than people who are less well-off.

2. Is this statement true, false or not given? The experiments were all carried out in the laboratory.

False. Researchers secretly observed people's behaviour in the real world and in a number of studies in the laboratory.

3. Look at the article. What expression means to let someone else go before you, especially when driving?

To give way.

4. Look at the article. What is another word meaning 'classy'?

Fancy or posh.

5.Look at the article. What other phrases are used to describe upper-class people?

Posh people, toffs.

Glossary 词汇表 (点击单词收听发音)

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