Vocabulary: education 词汇: 教育
Whenever anyone measures educational success, East Asian countries are always top scorers. But in a recent league table, a European country, Finland, was top of the class. South Korea was still in second place, though. Britain was at number 6. What is the secret of Finland and South Korea's success? Time to do some homework.
In Korea the school day is long - typically 7 or 8 hours, followed by hours of private tutoring in the evenings. All this hothousing leaves Korean students so tired, they sometimes fall asleep in class next day. Worries about the effects of late night cramming led the government to force cramming schools to close by 10pm.
Finnish children spend the least time in class in the developed world, often finishing just after lunch, with about one hour of homework a day. Private tuition is uncommon. The British school day is quite long in comparison, around 6 hours, and secondary school pupils do 2 or 3 hours of self-study a night.
The Korean education system, like many in Asia, is intensely competitive, with students even competing to get into the best cramming schools, to help them get ahead. Finnish education is far less cut-throat. Classes are all mixed ability, and there are no league tables. British schools again occupy the middle ground, with quite high levels of competition for places at university, and schools and universities battling to come top of league tables for everything from exam results to student satisfaction.
Korea and Finland both do well, yet their education systems are so different. So what lessons can Britain learn from these two swots?
Well, there are some similarities in Asia and Finland. In those countries, teachers have high status in society, and education is very highly valued. Those attitudes can't change quickly. But it can be done. They might be the star pupil now, but until the 1970s, Finland's educational system was poor. Their radically different approach to schooling has taken them to the top in just a generation.
- 1. According to the article, who spends more time studying, Korean or Finnish children?
- 2. Do British schools and universities care about league tables?
Yes, they battle to come top of league tables.
- 3. Is the following statement true, false or not given? Finnish education was excellent in the 1970s.
False. Education was poor in the 1970s.
- 4. According to this article, why do Korean children fall asleep in class?
Because they are tired, after hours of private tuition in the evenings.
- 5. Which rather negative word for private tutoring or tuition is used in the article?
Glossary 词汇表 （点击单词收听发音）
- top scorers得分最高的人（国家）
- league table（学校）排名榜
- top of the class位居榜首
- private tutoring私人课外辅导
- private tuition私人补习
- intensely competitive竞争激烈的
- get ahead取得进步