Federal Reserve scales back stimulus effort 美联储启动消减量化政策

更新时间 2013年 12月 24日, 星期二 - 格林尼治标准时间10:32
Federal Reserve, Washington DC

The Federal Reserve believes the US economy is making progress

媒体英语会带大家一起学习 BBC 撰稿人在报道世界大事时常用到的单词和短语。

美国中央银行,美联储将于下个月开始启动削减量化宽松政策,作出此举的原始是美国就业市场取得进展有所改善。美联储宣布,从明年1月起将国债的购买规模缩减100亿美元。以下是来自 BBC 记者 Mark Gregory 的报道。

The Federal Reserve has been pumping money into the US economy by buying $85bn of bonds each month. From January, it will cut the figure to $75bn. And it has signalled that it will further reduce the scale of its bond buying if the economy continues to improve.

It's a small but highly significant step towards unwinding the extraordinary measures put in place to support the economy through six years of deep crisis.

The decision follows a run of data pointing to sustained if weak recovery and - the key factor - an improving jobs market.

But the Fed hasn't entirely kicked away the monetary props. It plans to keep short term lending rates at near 0% until it sees at least another 0.5% drop in the unemployment rate.

Investors responded by sending share prices higher. There was relief at the end to uncertainty over when the Fed, as has seemed inevitable for months, would start tapering off its monetary life support.

Quiz 听力测验

How much will the US government buy in bonds in January?

$75bn.

How long has the US been suffering from the economic crisis?

Six years.

True or false? The financial markets had a negative impact on the financial markets.

False. Share prices rose.

True or false? The Fed's decision to reduce its stimulus to the economy was expected.

True. According to the report, it 'seemed inevitable'.

Glossary 词汇表 (点击单词收听发音)

BBC © 2014 非本网站内容BBC概不负责

如欲取得最佳浏览效果,请使用最新的、使用串联样式表(CSS)的浏览器。虽然你可以使用目前的浏览器浏览网站,但是,你不能获得最佳视觉享受。请考虑使用最新版本的浏览器软件或在可能情况下让你的浏览器可以使用串联样式表。