全球书评家票选英国最伟大的100部小说

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在世界其他国家的读者看来,英国最伟大的小说是哪些?BBC文化频道的供稿人简·恰巴塔里(Jane Ciabattari)收集了82个书评家的投票,这些书评家从澳大利亚到津巴布韦的各个国家都有——但没有一个是来自英国的。

书单里没有非虚构类作品,没有剧本,没有叙事诗或史诗(没有《失乐园》和《贝奥武夫》),没有短篇小说集(没有《亚瑟王之死》(Morte D’Arthur))——只有英国作家的小说(这意味着没有詹姆斯·乔伊斯(James Joyce,爱尔兰作家))

数百年来,英国小说影响着全世界的小说艺术形式。所以,我们认为有必要了解国际的观点。参与投票的书评家在世界各地生活和工作,有的来自美国,有的来自欧洲大陆、澳大利亚、非洲、亚洲、印度和中东地区。

一些受邀参评的书评家长期从事图书评论工作,一些则在报社、杂志社或文学博客担任编辑。他们包括《时代》的列夫·格罗斯曼(Lev Grossman)、《西雅图时报》的玛丽·安·格温(Mary Ann Gwinn)、“Brittle Paper”博客的艾内海·埃多罗(Ainehi Edoro)、《环球邮报》的马克·梅德利(Mark Medley)、《爱尔兰时报》的芬坦·奥图尔(Fintan O’Toole)、《澳大利亚人报》的史蒂芬·罗梅伊(Stephen Romei)和乔迪·威廉姆森(Geordie Williamson)、《华尔街日报》的萨姆·萨克斯(Sam Sacks)以及《科克斯书评》(Kirkus Reviews)的克莱本·史密斯(Claiborne Smith)。

另外一些投票者是文学研究者,他们包括特里·卡斯尔(Terry Castle)、莫里斯·迪克斯坦(Morris Dickstein)、迈克尔·戈拉(Michael Gorra)、卡斯滕·詹森(Carsten Jensen)、阿米塔瓦·库马尔(Amitava Kumar)、罗恩·迈特城(Rohan Maitzen)、杰弗里·奥布里恩(Geoffrey O’Brien)、尼兰佳娜·罗伊(Nilanjana Roy)和本杰明·泰勒(Benjamin Taylor)。

每位参与投票者提交10部英国小说的名单,每部小说得10分。然后通过计算总分得出了最终的百部优秀小说名单。

书评家一共提名了228部小说。以下是前100部最优秀的小说。(括号中是作者名字和出版年份)。

100. The Code of the Woosters (PG Wodehouse, 1938)

99. There but for the (Ali Smith, 2011)

98. Under the Volcano (Malcolm Lowry, 1947)

97. The Chronicles of Narnia (CS Lewis, 1949-1954)

96. Memoirs of a Survivor (Doris Lessing, 1974)

95. The Buddha of Suburbia (Hanif Kureishi, 1990)

94. The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (James Hogg, 1824)

93. Lord of the Flies (William Golding, 1954)

92. Cold Comfort Farm (Stella Gibbons, 1932)

91. The Forsyte Saga (John Galsworthy, 1922)

90. The Woman in White (Wilkie Collins, 1859)

89. The Horse’s Mouth (Joyce Cary, 1944)

88. The Death of the Heart (Elizabeth Bowen, 1938)

87. The Old Wives’ Tale (Arnold Bennett, 1908)

86. A Legacy (Sybille Bedford, 1956)

85. Regeneration Trilogy (Pat Barker, 1991-1995)

84. Scoop (Evelyn Waugh, 1938)

83. Barchester Towers (Anthony Trollope, 1857)

82. The Patrick Melrose Novels (Edward St Aubyn, 1992-2012)

81. The Jewel in the Crown (Paul Scott, 1966)

80. Excellent Women (Barbara Pym, 1952)

79. His Dark Materials (Philip Pullman, 1995-2000)

78. A House for Mr Biswas (VS Naipaul, 1961)

77. Of Human Bondage (W Somerset Maugham, 1915)

76. Small Island (Andrea Levy, 2004)

75. Women in Love (DH Lawrence, 1920)

74. The Mayor of Casterbridge (Thomas Hardy, 1886)

73. The Blue Flower (Penelope Fitzgerald, 1995)

72. The Heart of the Matter (Graham Greene, 1948)

71. Old Filth (Jane Gardam, 2004)

70. Daniel Deronda (George Eliot, 1876)

69. Nostromo (Joseph Conrad, 1904)

68. A Clockwork Orange (Anthony Burgess, 1962)

67. Crash (JG Ballard, 1973)

66. Sense and Sensibility (Jane Austen, 1811)

65. Orlando (Virginia Woolf, 1928)

64. The Way We Live Now (Anthony Trollope, 1875)

63. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (Muriel Spark, 1961)

62. Animal Farm (George Orwell, 1945)

61. The Sea, The Sea (Iris Murdoch, 1978)

60. Sons and Lovers (DH Lawrence, 1913)

59. The Line of Beauty (Alan Hollinghurst, 2004)

58. Loving (Henry Green, 1945)

57. Parade’s End (Ford Madox Ford, 1924-1928)

56. Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit (Jeanette Winterson, 1985)

55. Gulliver’s Travels (Jonathan Swift, 1726)

54. NW (Zadie Smith, 2012)

53. Wide Sargasso Sea (Jean Rhys, 1966)

52. New Grub Street (George Gissing, 1891)

51. Tess of the d’Urbervilles (Thomas Hardy, 1891)

50. A Passage to India (EM Forster, 1924)

49. Possession (AS Byatt, 1990)

48. Lucky Jim (Kingsley Amis, 1954)

47. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (Laurence Sterne, 1759)

46. Midnight’s Children (Salman Rushdie, 1981)

45. The Little Stranger (Sarah Waters, 2009)

44. Wolf Hall (Hilary Mantel, 2009)

43. The Swimming Pool Library (Alan Hollinghurst, 1988)

42. Brighton Rock (Graham Greene, 1938)

41. Dombey and Son (Charles Dickens, 1848)

40. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (Lewis Carroll, 1865)

39. The Sense of an Ending (Julian Barnes, 2011)

38. The Passion (Jeanette Winterson, 1987)

37. Decline and Fall (Evelyn Waugh, 1928)

36. A Dance to the Music of Time (Anthony Powell, 1951-1975)

35. Remainder (Tom McCarthy, 2005)

34. Never Let Me Go (Kazuo Ishiguro, 2005)

33. The Wind in the Willows (Kenneth Grahame, 1908)

32. A Room with a View (EM Forster, 1908)

31. The End of the Affair (Graham Greene, 1951)

30. Moll Flanders (Daniel Defoe, 1722)

29. Brick Lane (Monica Ali, 2003)

28. Villette (Charlotte Brontë, 1853)

27. Robinson Crusoe (Daniel Defoe, 1719)

26. The Lord of the Rings (JRR Tolkien, 1954)

25. White Teeth (Zadie Smith, 2000)

24. The Golden Notebook (Doris Lessing, 1962)

23. Jude the Obscure (Thomas Hardy, 1895)

22. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (Henry Fielding, 1749)

21. Heart of Darkness (Joseph Conrad, 1899)

20. Persuasion (Jane Austen, 1817)

19. Emma (Jane Austen, 1815)

18. Remains of the Day (Kazuo Ishiguro, 1989)

17. Howards End (EM Forster, 1910)

16. The Waves (Virginia Woolf, 1931)

15. Atonement (Ian McEwan, 2001)

14. Clarissa (Samuel Richardson, 1748)

13. The Good Soldier (Ford Madox Ford, 1915)

12. Nineteen Eighty-Four (George Orwell, 1949)

11. Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen, 1813)

10. Vanity Fair (William Makepeace Thackeray, 1848)

9. Frankenstein (Mary Shelley, 1818)

8. David Copperfield (Charles Dickens, 1850)

7. Wuthering Heights (Emily Brontë, 1847)

6. Bleak House (Charles Dickens, 1853)

5. Jane Eyre (Charlotte Brontë, 1847)

4. Great Expectations (Charles Dickens, 1861)

3. Mrs. Dalloway (Virginia Woolf, 1925)

2. To the Lighthouse (Virginia Woolf, 1927)

1. Middlemarch (George Eliot, 1874)

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