North Korean town gets World Heritage status 朝鮮開城被列入世界遺產

更新時間 2013年 6月 28日, 星期五 - 格林尼治標準時間11:11

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ruins of Manwoldae in Kaesong

The ruins of Manwoldae in Kaesong, North Korea

朝鮮開城被聯合國教科文組織列入世界文化保護遺產名錄。開城建於公元十世紀,此次被列入名錄的開城歷史古蹟共有十二處,包括一座宮殿,一所學校和一座古城牆等。以下是 BBC 記者 Charles Scanlon 發回的報道:

Kaesong is one of the few historical sites open to tourists that's not specifically linked to the Kim family that has ruled North Korea since independence. The city is held up in the North as a symbol of national reunification as it was the capital of the 10th Century Koryo dynasty that united the entire peninsula.

North Korean officials attending the UNESCO ceremony stood and clapped the decision to give the sites World Heritage status. The North has always used its interpretation of history to boost its case in the struggle for national sovereignty against South Korea.

The South maintains that an earlier southern-based dynasty was the first to unify the country. But even the legacy of Kaesong is a sensitive one for the North's historians. The dynasty marked a high water mark for Buddhism on the peninsula - a culture that was all but eradicated along with other religions after independence.

The city was initially in South Korea after the division of the peninsula in 1945 but was conquered by northern forces during the Korean War. It later came to be seen as a symbol of reconciliation - being near the site of a joint industrial zone established by the two sides after the year 2000. But the southern-owned factories currently lie idle - closed by the North Koreans during a recent bout of tension over its rocket and nuclear tests.

Quiz 聽力測驗

Which family or dynasty is Kaesong linked to?

The Koryo dynasty

True or false? South Korea believes the Koryo dynasty was the first to unify the country.

False. The South maintains that an earlier southern-based dynasty was the first to unify the country.

What event led to North Korea controlling the town of Kaesong?

The Korean War

What are the factories in the joint industrial zone making at the moment?

Nothing. They currently lie idle.

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