Biggest threat to modern medicine claim 現代醫學面臨的最大威脅

更新時間 2013年 11月 22日, 星期五 - 格林尼治標準時間10:09
Antibiotic tablets

Could antibiotics like these be ineffective against some illnesses in the future?

媒體英語會帶大家一起學習 BBC 撰稿人在報道世界大事時常用到的單詞和短語。

全球醫學專家警告說未受抗生素影響的細菌對現代醫學構成了嚴重威脅。他們在《柳葉刀》(The Lancet)雜誌上發表的一篇文章中呼籲世界各地的人們一同對抗此威脅。以下是 Danny Aeberhard BBC 發來的報道:

The experts warn we're at the dawn of a post-antibiotic era. Immediate global action is needed, they say, if dire consequences are to be avoided within just a few years.

This would involve cutting down on the unnecessary prescription of antibiotics and providing incentives to pharmaceutical companies to develop new drugs. Research would be needed into how antibiotics in farming affect the growth of drug-resistant strains of bacteria.

The experts warn that without effective antibiotics, treatments ranging from minor surgery to current cancer chemotherapy regimes could become impossible and that deaths from infections in developed countries might return to levels last seen in the early 20th century.

They also say healthcare costs would probably spiral, as we'd be forced to resort to newer, more expensive drugs and stay in hospital for longer when recovering from illness.

Quiz 聽力測驗

1. True or false? Health experts want doctors to stop giving out unnecessary prescriptions.

True. Experts want them to cut down on the unnecessary prescription of antibiotics.

2. What should pharmaceutical companies be given to develop new drugs?

Incentives.

3. In relation to this story, what happened in the early 20th century that we might see again?

The level of deaths from infections in developed countries.

4. Why might healthcare costs increase if no action is taken?

People would have to use more expensive drugs and stay in hospital for longer when recovering from illness.

Glossary 词汇表 (点击单词收听发音)

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