全球書評家票選英國最偉大的100部小說

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在世界其他國家的讀者看來,英國最偉大的小說是哪些?BBC文化頻道的供稿人簡·恰巴塔裏(Jane Ciabattari)收集了82個書評家的投票,這些書評家從澳大利亞到津巴布韋的各個國家都有——但沒有一個是來自英國的。

書單裏沒有非虛構類作品,沒有劇本,沒有敘事詩或史詩(沒有《失樂園》和《貝奧武夫》),沒有短篇小說集(沒有《亞瑟王之死》(Morte D』Arthur))——只有英國作家的小說(這意味著沒有詹姆斯·喬伊斯(James Joyce,愛爾蘭作家))

數百年來,英國小說影響著全世界的小說藝術形式。所以,我們認為有必要了解國際的觀點。參與投票的書評家在世界各地生活和工作,有的來自美國,有的來自歐洲大陸、澳大利亞、非洲、亞洲、印度和中東地區。

一些受邀參評的書評家長期從事圖書評論工作,一些則在報社、雜誌社或文學博客擔任編輯。他們包括《時代》的列夫·格羅斯曼(Lev Grossman)、《西雅圖時報》的瑪麗·安·格溫(Mary Ann Gwinn)、「Brittle Paper」博客的艾內海·埃多羅(Ainehi Edoro)、《環球郵報》的馬克·梅德利(Mark Medley)、《愛爾蘭時報》的芬坦·奧圖爾(Fintan O』Toole)、《澳大利亞人報》的史蒂芬·羅梅伊(Stephen Romei)和喬迪·威廉姆森(Geordie Williamson)、《華爾街日報》的薩姆·薩克斯(Sam Sacks)以及《科克斯書評》(Kirkus Reviews)的克萊本·史密斯(Claiborne Smith)。

另外一些投票者是文學研究者,他們包括特裏·卡斯爾(Terry Castle)、莫里斯·迪克斯坦(Morris Dickstein)、邁克爾·戈拉(Michael Gorra)、卡斯滕·詹森(Carsten Jensen)、阿米塔瓦·庫馬爾(Amitava Kumar)、羅恩·邁特城(Rohan Maitzen)、傑弗裏·奧布裏恩(Geoffrey O』Brien)、尼蘭佳娜·羅伊(Nilanjana Roy)和本傑明·泰勒(Benjamin Taylor)。

每位參與投票者提交10部英國小說的名單,每部小說得10分。然後通過計算總分得出了最終的百部優秀小說名單。

書評家一共提名了228部小說。以下是前100部最優秀的小說。(括號中是作者名字和出版年份)。

100. The Code of the Woosters (PG Wodehouse, 1938)

99. There but for the (Ali Smith, 2011)

98. Under the Volcano (Malcolm Lowry, 1947)

97. The Chronicles of Narnia (CS Lewis, 1949-1954)

96. Memoirs of a Survivor (Doris Lessing, 1974)

95. The Buddha of Suburbia (Hanif Kureishi, 1990)

94. The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (James Hogg, 1824)

93. Lord of the Flies (William Golding, 1954)

92. Cold Comfort Farm (Stella Gibbons, 1932)

91. The Forsyte Saga (John Galsworthy, 1922)

90. The Woman in White (Wilkie Collins, 1859)

89. The Horse』s Mouth (Joyce Cary, 1944)

88. The Death of the Heart (Elizabeth Bowen, 1938)

87. The Old Wives』 Tale (Arnold Bennett, 1908)

86. A Legacy (Sybille Bedford, 1956)

85. Regeneration Trilogy (Pat Barker, 1991-1995)

84. Scoop (Evelyn Waugh, 1938)

83. Barchester Towers (Anthony Trollope, 1857)

82. The Patrick Melrose Novels (Edward St Aubyn, 1992-2012)

81. The Jewel in the Crown (Paul Scott, 1966)

80. Excellent Women (Barbara Pym, 1952)

79. His Dark Materials (Philip Pullman, 1995-2000)

78. A House for Mr Biswas (VS Naipaul, 1961)

77. Of Human Bondage (W Somerset Maugham, 1915)

76. Small Island (Andrea Levy, 2004)

75. Women in Love (DH Lawrence, 1920)

74. The Mayor of Casterbridge (Thomas Hardy, 1886)

73. The Blue Flower (Penelope Fitzgerald, 1995)

72. The Heart of the Matter (Graham Greene, 1948)

71. Old Filth (Jane Gardam, 2004)

70. Daniel Deronda (George Eliot, 1876)

69. Nostromo (Joseph Conrad, 1904)

68. A Clockwork Orange (Anthony Burgess, 1962)

67. Crash (JG Ballard, 1973)

66. Sense and Sensibility (Jane Austen, 1811)

65. Orlando (Virginia Woolf, 1928)

64. The Way We Live Now (Anthony Trollope, 1875)

63. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (Muriel Spark, 1961)

62. Animal Farm (George Orwell, 1945)

61. The Sea, The Sea (Iris Murdoch, 1978)

60. Sons and Lovers (DH Lawrence, 1913)

59. The Line of Beauty (Alan Hollinghurst, 2004)

58. Loving (Henry Green, 1945)

57. Parade』s End (Ford Madox Ford, 1924-1928)

56. Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit (Jeanette Winterson, 1985)

55. Gulliver』s Travels (Jonathan Swift, 1726)

54. NW (Zadie Smith, 2012)

53. Wide Sargasso Sea (Jean Rhys, 1966)

52. New Grub Street (George Gissing, 1891)

51. Tess of the d』Urbervilles (Thomas Hardy, 1891)

50. A Passage to India (EM Forster, 1924)

49. Possession (AS Byatt, 1990)

48. Lucky Jim (Kingsley Amis, 1954)

47. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (Laurence Sterne, 1759)

46. Midnight』s Children (Salman Rushdie, 1981)

45. The Little Stranger (Sarah Waters, 2009)

44. Wolf Hall (Hilary Mantel, 2009)

43. The Swimming Pool Library (Alan Hollinghurst, 1988)

42. Brighton Rock (Graham Greene, 1938)

41. Dombey and Son (Charles Dickens, 1848)

40. Alice』s Adventures in Wonderland (Lewis Carroll, 1865)

39. The Sense of an Ending (Julian Barnes, 2011)

38. The Passion (Jeanette Winterson, 1987)

37. Decline and Fall (Evelyn Waugh, 1928)

36. A Dance to the Music of Time (Anthony Powell, 1951-1975)

35. Remainder (Tom McCarthy, 2005)

34. Never Let Me Go (Kazuo Ishiguro, 2005)

33. The Wind in the Willows (Kenneth Grahame, 1908)

32. A Room with a View (EM Forster, 1908)

31. The End of the Affair (Graham Greene, 1951)

30. Moll Flanders (Daniel Defoe, 1722)

29. Brick Lane (Monica Ali, 2003)

28. Villette (Charlotte Brontë, 1853)

27. Robinson Crusoe (Daniel Defoe, 1719)

26. The Lord of the Rings (JRR Tolkien, 1954)

25. White Teeth (Zadie Smith, 2000)

24. The Golden Notebook (Doris Lessing, 1962)

23. Jude the Obscure (Thomas Hardy, 1895)

22. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (Henry Fielding, 1749)

21. Heart of Darkness (Joseph Conrad, 1899)

20. Persuasion (Jane Austen, 1817)

19. Emma (Jane Austen, 1815)

18. Remains of the Day (Kazuo Ishiguro, 1989)

17. Howards End (EM Forster, 1910)

16. The Waves (Virginia Woolf, 1931)

15. Atonement (Ian McEwan, 2001)

14. Clarissa (Samuel Richardson, 1748)

13. The Good Soldier (Ford Madox Ford, 1915)

12. Nineteen Eighty-Four (George Orwell, 1949)

11. Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen, 1813)

10. Vanity Fair (William Makepeace Thackeray, 1848)

9. Frankenstein (Mary Shelley, 1818)

8. David Copperfield (Charles Dickens, 1850)

7. Wuthering Heights (Emily Brontë, 1847)

6. Bleak House (Charles Dickens, 1853)

5. Jane Eyre (Charlotte Brontë, 1847)

4. Great Expectations (Charles Dickens, 1861)

3. Mrs. Dalloway (Virginia Woolf, 1925)

2. To the Lighthouse (Virginia Woolf, 1927)

1. Middlemarch (George Eliot, 1874)

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