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Tin chính trong tuần (Phát trên BBC World Service ngày 18/01/2017):

Rising knife crime in UK

Giraffes facing 'silent extinction'

Meet one of Spain's four female bullfighters

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Transcription/Bài khóa

Knife crime has increased by nine percent across England and Wales. In London it's risen by sixteen per cent over the last two years. Several years ago it was predominantly a gang problem. Now the police think seventy-five per cent of those who carry have no associations with gangs - they're just doing it because everyone else is.

Highly recognisable - but while Chester Zoo's giraffes are loved by the visitors, in their natural African habitat, the animals are suffering what has been called a devastating decline. Illegal hunting, expanding agriculture and civil unrest have all been cited as factors pushing the long-necked mammals towards extinction.

Twenty-five-year-old Conchi Rios is one of only four female matadors in the world of Spanish bullfighting. She said it took a few years to get a job as a bullfighter in Spain, but that it was worth fighting to do the job she loves. Bullfighting is controversial in Spain, but Conchi says those who are against it don't necessarily understand it.

Words and Phrases/Từ vựng

predominantly (mainly; mostly): chủ yếu, phần lớn,

devastating(very harmful; damaging): ghê gớm, gây thiệt hại

cited(mentioned as evidence or proof): trích dẫn

controversial(something people disagree about): gây tranh cãi

Exercise/Bài tập

Dùng một từ hoặc cụm từ ở trên để hoàn thành các câu sau. Chú ý là bạn có thể phải thay đổi dạng của từ hay cụm từ đó cho thích hợp.

predominately / devastating / cited / controversial

1. A ______ plan to demolish a Reading nightclub and replace it with luxury flats has been turned down.

2. Thousands of people have been made homeless after ______ floods caused by the heaviest rainfall the city has seen in a century.

3. The pop star ______ personal reasons for deciding to cancel his world tour. Naturally, his fans are very upset.

4. The rise in global sea levels since the 1970s has been ______ driven by greenhouse gas emissions and not natural climate variability, a study suggests.

Answers/Câu trả lời

1. A controversial plan to demolish a Reading nightclub and replace it with luxury flats has been turned down.

2. Thousands of people have been made homeless after devastating floods caused by the heaviest rainfall the city has seen in a century.

3. The pop star cited personal reasons for deciding to cancel his world tour. Naturally, his fans are very upset.

4. The rise in global sea levels since the 1970s has been predominantly driven by greenhouse gas emissions and not natural climate variability, a study suggests.

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