Học tiếng Anh: Nghĩa và cách sử dụng scarce, crammed, plight

Image caption Người dân Trung Quốc đi lại bằng xe đạp

Tin chính trong tuần (Phát trên BBC World Service tháng 5/4/2017):

New material could make sea water drinkable

China's bike hire schemes create fight for street space

Congo's beauty queen challenges prejudice

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Transcription/Bài khóa

Here in Manchester, graphene has been used to create a filter. The aim is to convert sea water into a form that's drinkable. Drinking water will be scarce for 1.2 billion people by 2025.

The rapid success of China's bike hire companies took everyone by surprise. As you can see, there are spaces in Beijing which are now totally crammed with bikes. The beauty of these is you scan them with your phone and then leave them wherever you like for the next person. Some of those complaining about the bikes want to park cars on the footpath. Ultimately this system is effective because the bikes are everywhere: if the authorities limit this too much, well, they could wreck the whole scheme.

Miss Congo UK's annual awards ceremony is a celebration of Congolese beauty, culture and tradition. But this year, the winner highlighted the plight of millions of Africans who suffer with HIV. Horcelie Sinda wa Mbongo was born HIV positive. According to the latest UN estimates, the number of people living with HIV in the Democratic Republic of Congo stands at 370,000. The beauty queen is preparing to spend a year helping others confront the disease.

Words and Phrases/Từ vựng

scarce(insufficient in quantity): ít, khan hiếm,

crammed(full to the point of overflowing): đầy chật, nhồi nhét, chen chúc, quá nhiều tới mức chật chội, khó đi lại

plight(difficult and dangerous situation): tình cảnh, tình huống khó khăn nguy hiểm

Exercise/Bài tập

Dùng một từ hoặc cụm từ ở trên để hoàn thành các câu sau. Chú ý là bạn có thể phải thay đổi dạng của từ hay cụm từ đó cho thích hợp.

scarce / crammed / plight

1. Book-loving Marge lived in a small flat. She ______ thousands of them into just two rooms.

2. UK officials are concerned that healthy levels of vitamin D in the body cannot be maintained in winter through diet alone, when sunlight, which helps in vitamin D production, is ______.

3. The reporter witnessed the ______ of refugee children as he interviewed a group of five-year-old beggars.

Answers/Câu trả lời

1. Book-loving Marge lived in a small flat. She crammed thousands of them into just two rooms.

2. UK officials are concerned that healthy levels of vitamin D in the body cannot be maintained in winter through diet alone, when sunlight, which helps in vitamin D production, is scarce.

3. The reporter witnessed the plight of refugee children as he interviewed a group of five-year-old beggars.

Học tiếng Anh: Phòng tiêm chích cho người nghiện

Học tiếng Anh: Số hươu cao cổ suy giảm

Vì sao trẻ em Hà Lan hạnh phúc

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