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Dọn rác thung lũng khu dân nghèo Rio

Từ vựng - Vocabulary

a head for heights (to be able to be in a high place without feeling scared or uncomfortable): chịu được độ cao

bin men (people whose job it is to collect rubbish): những người thu dọn rác

to abseil (to go down a steep mountain or vertical drop using a rope): leo/trèo xuống (núi hoặc bằng dây)

a harness (a support made of straps that are attached to the body): dây bảo hiểm

underway (happening): đang diễn ra

Bài khóa - Transcript

A job that requires a head for heights.

Some bin men in Rio have to abseil down shanty town hills to retrieve what others have left behind.

A harness and ropes are the essential tools for reaching items such as old fridges, food wrappers, guns and even a body.

A big clean-up operation is underway as Brazil prepares to host the World Cup and the Olympics.

Bản dịch - Translation

Một nghề cần chịu được độ cao.

Một số người làm nghề thu dọn rác tại Rio đã phải leo xuống chân các quả đồi ở các thị trấn nghèo để nhặt những gì người ta vứt bỏ lại.

Một dây bảo hiểm và những đoạn dây là những dụng cụ cần thiết để đến được tới những đồ vật như tủ lạnh cũ, giấy gói thức ăn, súng ống và thậm chí cả xác người.

Một chiến dịch thu dọn lớn đang diễn ra tại Brazil để chuẩn bị cho việc đăng cai Cúp bóng đá thế giới và Thế vận hội.

Bài tập - Exercise

Hãy dùng các từ và cụm từ dưới đây ở dạng thích hợp để hoàn thành những câu sau:

a head for heights/ bin men/ to abseil/ harness/ underway

1. A Suffolk businessman followed Prince Andrew's lead _______ down The Shard to raise money to help injured marines.

2. A three-week-old kitten who was dumped in a bin narrowly escaped being crushed by a recycling truck in Devon. The female, named Lucky, was emptied into the back of a waste truck. Its crusher was stopped by two _______ who heard the kitten's cries.

3. Taking a tour of the east London site with her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, she proved she had _______ as she was whisked up to the top of the 114.5m Orbit Tower.

4. As the big United Nations meeting gets _______, the West's biggest foreign policy challenge is not likely to be discussed.

5. Stewart was the first driver to wear seatbelts, who insisted circuits should be lined by barriers, on fire-resistant clothing, pit walls, six-point safety _______ and crash structures in cars.

Giải đáp - Answers

1. A Suffolk businessman followed Prince Andrew's lead to abseil down The Shard to raise money to help injured marines. Source: Suffolk father's Shard abseil helps injured marines

2. A three-week-old kitten who was dumped in a bin narrowly escaped being crushed by a recycling truck in Devon. The female, named Lucky, was emptied into the back of a waste truck. Its crusher was stopped by two bin men who heard the kitten's cries. Source: Lucky the kitten saved from Plymouth recycle van crusher

3. Taking a tour of the east London site with her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, she proved she had a head for heights as she was whisked up to the top of the 114.5m Orbit Tower. Source: London Olympics diary: Day One

4. As the big United Nations meeting gets underway, the West's biggest foreign policy challenge is not likely to be discussed. Source: Netanyahu gets tangled up in US election

5. Stewart was the first driver to wear seatbelts, who insisted circuits should be lined by barriers, on fire-resistant clothing, pit walls, six-point safety harnesses and crash structures in cars. Source: Formula 1's greatest drivers. Number 7: Jackie Stewart