Máy của bạn không hỗ trợ nghe xem

Margaret Thatcher, con người của niềm tin

Từ vựng - Vocabulary

steely determination (refusing to stop trying to do something, even though it is very difficult): quyết tâm sắt đá

conviction (strong belief or opinion): niềm tin vững chắc

amicably (pleasantly and in a friendly way, without arguments): thân thiện

belligerent (always unfriendly and wanting to argue): thù nghịch, sẵn sàng tham chiến

enduring (long-lasting): dài lâu, vĩnh viễn

Bài khóa - Transcript

Behind the smile, a tough leader.

With steely determination, Margaret Thatcher sent a task force to re-take the Falklands, or the Malvinas, from Argentina in 1982.

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev described her as ‘a woman of conviction’.

Her softer side saw her chatting amicably with Chinese leader Deng Xiao Ping and, with Ronald Regan, strengthening the special relationship between Britain and the US.

But her belligerent attitude to Europe may prove to be the Iron Lady’s most enduring legacy.

Bản dịch - Translation

Đằng sau nụ cười là một nhà lãnh đạo cứng rắn.

Với sự quyết tâm sắt đá, bà Margaret Thatcher gửi lực lượng đặc nhiệm tới giành lại Falklands, hay còn gọi là Malvinas, từ Argentina năm 1982.

Nhà lãnh đạo Liên Xô, Mikhail Gorbarchev miêu tả bà là "người phụ nữ với niềm tin vững chắc".

Phần tính cách mềm mỏng của bà đã khiến bà trò chuyện thân mật với nhà lãnh đạo Trung Quốc, ông Đặng Tiểu Bình, và với ông Ronald Reagan, đã tăng cường mối quan hệ đặc biệt giữa Anh Quốc và Hoa Kỳ.

Nhưng thái độ thù nghịch của bà đối với châu Âu có lẽ đãchứng tỏ nó là di sản lâu dài nhất của Bà Đầm Thép.

Bài tập - Exercise

Hãy dùng các từ và cụm từ dưới đây ở dạng thích hợp để hoàn thành những câu sau:

steely determination / conviction / amicably / belligerent / enduring

1. Last week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Chinese and European authorities to resolve the matter _________ by holding talks. But she called for more transparency from Beijing about incentives given to the sector.

2. There is undoubtedly __________ interest in the Titanic story - Belfast and Southampton both opened museums dedicated to the liner during the centenary year.

3. Mr Farage has defended UKIP as being different from other parties after Prime Minister David Cameron said some of its members were "pretty odd people". He said UKIP did have "some eccentrics" but this was healthy and he was an unusual party leader in that he was a __________ politician.

4. Correspondents say Iran's clerical leadership is showing a __________ to keep control amid the controversy, and urging people to unify in the face of western enemies.

5. The North Korean media are full of images of military preparedness, he adds, intended to rally people behind the leadership. Many observers say that North Korea's __________ rhetoric appears intended for a domestic audience and at shoring up the position of Kim Jong-un, who came to power after his father's death in December 2011.

Giải đáp - Answers

1. Last week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Chinese and Europeanauthorities to resolve the matter amicably by holding talks. But she called for more transparency from Beijing about incentives given to the sector. Source: China solar panel imports investigated by European Union

2. There is undoubtedly enduring interest in the Titanic story - Belfast and Southampton both opened museums dedicated to the liner during the centenary year. Source: Titanic 2: Mixed reaction at Southampton launch event

3. Mr Farage has defended UKIP as being different from other parties after Prime Minister David Cameron said some of its members were "pretty odd people". He said UKIP did have "some eccentrics" but this was healthy and he was an unusual party leader in that he was a conviction politician. Source: Nigel Farage a Stalinist dictator, says UKIP MEP

4. Correspondents say Iran's clerical leadership is showing a steely determination to keep control amid the controversy, and urging people to unify in the face of western enemies. Source: Iran 'security state' lambasted

5. The North Korean media are full of images of military preparedness, he adds, intended to rally people behind the leadership. Many observers say that North Korea's belligerent rhetoric appears intended for a domestic audience and at shoring up the position of Kim Jong-un, who came to power after his father's death in December 2011. Source: North Korea: UK's Hague calls for calm amid tensions