Máy của bạn không hỗ trợ nghe xem

Thử nghiệm nuôi cấy thận nhân tạo ở chuột

Từ vựng - Vocabulary

transplant - a new organ put into someone’s body when the old organ fails: cấy ghép nhân tạo

kidney - organ that takes away waste from the blood and produces urine: thận

stripped of - had its parts removed: cắt bỏ, lột bỏ

scaffold - structure that helps something to keep its shape: khung, giàn

reseeded - here, had some new cells added, which multiply to fill the whole organ: ở đây có nghĩa là nuôi cấy tế bào mới vào lại

Bài khóa - Transcript

In this jar, hope for many who need a transplant.

In a Boston laboratory, a rat kidney has been stripped of its cells, leaving just this white scaffold.

Then the organ was reseeded with fresh cells and put into another rat. It filtered the animal’s blood and produced urine.

The results are promising but human trials are still a long way off.

Bản dịch - Translation

Trong chiếc bình này là niềm hy vọng của rất nhiều những người đang cần được cấy ghép nhân tạo.

Tại một phòng thí nghiệm ở Boston, thận của một con chuột được lột bỏ hết các tế bào, chỉ còn lại khung màu trắng này.

Các kết quả là đầy hứa hẹn nhưng sẽ phải rất lâu mới có các thử nghiệm ở người.

Bài tập - Exercise

Hãy dùng các từ và cụm từ dưới đây ở dạng thích hợp để hoàn thành những câu sau:

transplant / kidney / stripped of / scaffold / reseeded

1. Madonna was said to have been angered that she and her entourage were __________ their VIP status on their way out of the country, the UK's Daily Telegraph reported. They had to line up with other passengers at the airport and were frisked by security officials, the report said.

2. Scientists have developed a new way of generating stem cells which could boost research and drug screening. Edinburgh University has produced material that acts as a "tiny __________" to which cells can cling as they grow.

3. Carrying excess weight around the abdomen is linked to an increased risk of __________ disease, a study suggests.

4. George Best is widely regarded as one of the greatest footballers to have graced the British game. But the Manchester United icon's lifelong battle with alcoholism led to drink-driving, bankruptcy, a liver __________ and eventually death, aged 59, in 2005.

5. "Even if the lungs aren't going to be resuscitatable, and you've tried everything you can, designer drugs, we aren't going to throw those lungs away. We are going to decellularize those lungs in a bioreactor and we are going to __________ it with your stem cells which we are already trying to do and we are going to grow you new lungs," he said.

Giải đáp - Answers

1. Madonna was said to have been angered that she and her entourage were stripped of their VIP status on their way out of the country, the UK's Daily Telegraph reported. They had to line up with other passengers at the airport and were frisked by security officials, the report said.

Source: Malawi labels Madonna a 'bully' after recent visit

2. Scientists have developed a new way of generating stem cells which could boost research and drug screening. Edinburgh University has produced material that acts as a "tiny scaffold" to which cells can cling as they grow.

Source: Edinburgh University: 'Scaffold' boosts stem cell growth

3. Carrying excess weight around the abdomen is linked to an increased risk of kidney disease, a study suggests.

Source: 'Apple shape' linked to higher risk of kidney disease

4. George Best is widely regarded as one of the greatest footballers to have graced the British game. But the Manchester United icon's lifelong battle with alcoholism led to drink-driving, bankruptcy, a liver transplant and eventually death, aged 59, in 2005.

Source: Jack Rosenthal's 'lost' George Best script staged

5. "Even if the lungs aren't going to be resuscitatable, and you've tried everything you can, designer drugs, we aren't going to throw those lungs away. We are going to decellularize those lungs in a bioreactor and we are going to reseed it with your stem cells which we are already trying to do and we are going to grow you new lungs," he said.

Source: UA surgeon hopes to increase donor pool with refurbished organs (The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites)