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Thế giới động vật: sức mạnh của sắc màu

  • 1 tháng 10 2013

Từ vựng - Vocabulary

standing out (being obvious and noticeable): nổi trội, nổi bật

flock (collective of birds from the same species): bầy, đàn, đám đông

thrive (develop, flourish): phát triển mạnh

extinction (complete disappearance of a particular species of animal or plant): tuyệt chủng

wetland (area of land which is naturally wet): đầm lầy, vùng đất ngập nước

Bài khóa - Transcript

You might think standing out in the wild would work against you.

But for flamingos, it's the pinker and older birds who seem to be the key individuals in the flock.

That's the conclusion reached by researchers in Britain. They are trying to understand the animals in order to help them thrive in captivity.

Four of the six remaining species of flamingo are threatened with extinction. Many of their wetland habitats are being affected by mining.

Bản dịch - Translation

Bạn có thể nghĩ rằng nổi bật trong thiên nhiên là bất lợi.

Nhưng với loài hồng hạc, những con chim càng hồng và càng già lại dường như là những thành viên chủ chốt trong đàn.

Đó là kết luận được các nhà nghiên cứu tại Anh đưa ra. Họ đang tìm cách hiểu về loài động vật này để giúp chúng phát triển tốt ở những nơi nuôi nhốt.

Bốn trong số sáu loài chim hạc còn tồn tại đang có nguy cơ bị tuyệt chủng. Nhiều vùng đầm lầy vốn là môi trường sinh sống của chúng đang bị ảnh hưởng do khai thác mỏ.

Bài tập - Exercise

Hãy dùng các từ và cụm từ dưới đây ở dạng thích hợp để hoàn thành những câu sau:

standing out / flock / thrive / extinction / wetland

1. Scottish Natural Heritage said the hot weather had helped wild raspberries and brambles__________ across the country. The fruits have grown particularly well across Tayside, especially in the fertile Strathmore valley.

2. Scientists say there is an urgent need for more research on both __________ and dryland areas in the Andes to get a better sense of what will affect water supplies in a warming world.

3. What is it that makes a good boss __________ from his or her corporate colleagues and rivals? Key attributes for a successful chief executive would include the ability to lead others, to see in advance what needs doing and to be passionate about problem-solving.

4. "If humans contributed to the mass __________ of big animals 12,000 years ago, this suggests that humans started to affect the environment at global scales before the dawn of agriculture," Dr Wolf observed.

5. A man who says he has been attacked by seagulls three times and forced to run off in panic has called for the birds' nests to be removed. Keith Lee said he had been repeatedly targeted by a __________ of the gulls whilst walking on a cycle path in Hull.

Giải đáp - Answers

1. Scottish Natural Heritage said the hot weather had helped wild raspberries and brambles thriveacross the country. The fruits have grown particularly well across Tayside, especially in the fertile Strathmore valley.

Source: Scottish summer boosts wild berry crop

2. Scientists say there is an urgent need for more research on both wetland and dryland areas in the Andes to get a better sense of what will affect water supplies in a warming world.

Source: Andean water 'sponges' being squeezed by changing climate

3. What is it that makes a good boss stand out from his or her corporate colleagues and rivals? Key attributes for a successful chief executive would include the ability to lead others, to see in advance what needs doing and to be passionate about problem-solving.

Source: Chief executives who stand out from the corporate crowd

4. "If humans contributed to the mass extinction of big animals 12,000 years ago, this suggests that humans started to affect the environment at global scales before the dawn of agriculture," Dr Wolf observed.

Source: Big animal extinction 'severed nutrient arteries'

5. A man who says he has been attacked by seagulls three times and forced to run off in panic has called for the birds' nests to be removed. Keith Lee said he had been repeatedly targeted by a flock of the gulls whilst walking on a cycle path in Hull.

Source: Hull gull attacks victim: 'Most frightening experience'