The Cape Verde islands consist of a group of ten main islands and a number of smaller islets with a total land area of 4,040 sq km/1,560 sq mi.
They are situated between 14° to 16°N about 480 km/300 mi off the west coast of Africa. The islands are volcanic and hilly. They have a rather low and unreliable rainfall, being at the northern limit of the tropical rain-belt. Most of the rain falls between August and October. The rainfall is very low at sea level but increases in the hills.
The temperature is typically tropical with no cool season, although there is a small range of temperature around the year; the coolest months are December to March.
The combination of moderately high temperature and high humidity can be unpleasant, except when this is tempered by the daily sea breeze. Daily hours of sunshine average from seven to ten and are highest in the months February to June. There is rather more cloud during the rainier months.
The table for Praia is representative of weather conditions on the islands.
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