Cuba is the largest of the islands of the Caribbean. It is about as large as the state of Pennsylvania and a little smaller than England. It has 3,380 km/2,100 mi of coastline.
Although there are mountains rising to 900-1,800 m/3,000-6,000 ft much, of the island is low-lying.
The table for Havana is representative of the low-lying parts on the north of the island. Rainfall on the north coast is rather more than in the south and the hills may receive over 2,500 mm/100 in a year.
The drier region of the island is in the southeast around Guantánamo, where rain is as low as 500 mm/20 in a year.
Western Cuba is occasionally affected in winter and spring by waves of cold air from the interior of North America which cause temperatures to drop below 50°F/10°C for a day or two. Such low temperatures are most unusual for the Caribbean Islands.
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