Gibraltar has an area of only 6.5 sq km/2.5 sq mi and is a British dependency situated at the extreme south of Spain, commanding the narrow strait at the entrance to the Mediterranean. It consists of a rocky peninsula rising to over 400 m/1,300 ft.
Gibraltar has a characteristic Mediterranean climate with a very dry summer. The winters are considerably wetter than much of southern Spain, due to exposure to Atlantic storms.
Winters are rather warmer and the summers not quite as hot as the adjoining regions of Spain. Because of the shape of the rocky mountain which obstructs the flow of easterly and westerly winds in the strait, the winds around Gibraltar are often particularly gusty. Both the airfield and the port can be affected by these turbulent winds on occasions. See the table for North Front.
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