BBC Arabic
آخر تحديث:  الجمعة, 4 ديسمبر/ كانون الأول, 2009, 18:36 GMT

الرجال اسعد من النساء عندما يقتربون من سن التقاعد

Hello and welcome to BBC Xtra English!

Today Abdu and Hala talk about retirement.

People approaching retirement age find their work becomes more enjoyable, research has suggested, but the effect is greater amongst men than women.

Psychologists at Qowl, a private firm linked to the University of Portsmouth analysed the quality of working life of more than 5000 college employees.

Previous studies had found that women workers were happier than men.

However, the study shows that this difference narrows with age, and the trend reverses around the age of 60.

At this age men seem to experience a notable increase in the quality of working life, the researchers said.

However, the report said that women at or about the age of 60 report less of an increase in their quality of working life, even though they would normally be nearer retirement.

The result is that men for the first time have become happier at work than women.

The researchers say the reason for the pre-retirement bounce amongst men is not clear, but suggest a range of different explanations.

As men often have jobs which allow greater flexibility, this enables them to wind down and reduce their stress as they head for retirement.

Or it could be that men can typically look forward to the prospect of higher pensions than women.

A third possible explanation is that whilst men look forward to retirement, and see it as an opportunity to spend time doing things they like; women may not relish the prospect of being at home with their husbands.

"While we are only now beginning to identify the factors that contribute to the quality of working life, this research underlines the potential benefits that might be reaped from taking action to enhance the work environment and experience for all age groups," said Dr Darren Van Laar, lead researcher at Qowl.

We asked people working in the BBC Learning English department what they thought of these findings and what explanations they might have for the result of this survey.

Listen to today's programme and find out what they said!

Who do you think is happier at retirement and why? Write to us in English!
برأيك من هو الاسعد عند الاقتراب من سن التقاعد الرجل او المرأة؟

."لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، واحدث الاصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير

يمكن التنشغيل باستخدام برنامج "ريال بلاير"، او "ويندوز ميديا بلاير


retirement age
سن التقاعد
enjoyable
ممتعة
working life
الحياة العملية
reverses
يعكس
happier
أسعد
explanations
تفسيرات
wind down
على وشك الانتهاء
flexibility
مرونة
pensions
معاش التقاعد
benefits
فوائد

."لاستخدام هذا الملف لابد من تشغيل برنامج النصوص "جافا"، واحدث الاصدارات من برنامج "فلاش بلاير

يمكن التنشغيل باستخدام برنامج "ريال بلاير"، او "ويندوز ميديا بلاير

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