What is a food chain?

Watch this video to learn about different food chains.

Producers and consumers

Plants get their energy from the Sun. They are called producers because they make their own food.

Animals are called consumers because they eat plants and other animals. They do not make their own food.

Animals that eat other animals are called predators. The animals they eat are called prey.

An infographic showing producers and consumers in a food chain

Snails vs hedgehog - Predator or prey?

Snails eat leaves and hedgehogs eat snails. So, the hedgehog is the predator. It gets its energy from eating the snail. Predators eat other animals.

Hedgehog on a mossy stone

The snail is the prey. It's the animal that gets eaten!

Snail on a leaf