How to make a model animal cell

  • Animal cells are made up of a cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm and mitochondria.

  • Animals are multi-cellular organisms.

  • There are of lots of different types of animal cells, each with their own specific job or role.

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What are animal cells?

Animal cells are made up of 4 main structures, each with a different function:

  • The nucleus controls the activities inside the cell. It this holds the genetic information needed to create new cells.

  • Cytoplasm is the ‘jelly-like’ substance within a cell. All of the cell's chemical reactions happen here.

  • The cell membrane controls the substances that enter and leave the cell.

  • Mitochondria are where energy is released through the process of respiration.

Types of animal cells

Most organisms are multi-cellular which means that they are made up of lots of cells. These cells can specialise into different types of cells such as nerve cells, blood cells, egg or sperm cells. These cells all have a specific role to do inside the body.

Sometimes lots of specialised cells can work together to do a job, when this happens we call it a tissue. Lots of tissues can work together to make an organ. For example, lots of muscle cells work together to form muscle tissue and lots of layers of muscle tissue make up a muscle, such as the heart.

Where next?

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