What makes a good webpage?

A webpage is a single digital document.

It is stored on a web server connected to the internet and can be viewed on a web browser. It forms a small part of the world wide web.

A website is typically a collection of connected webpages and each webpage has its own unique web address.

There are lots of things to think about when you are building a website.

In this video Sameena builds a website to promote her dance class.

Click on the labels to find out more about the parts of a webpage.

How do I build a webpage?

Building a website is much easier to do today than it was in the past. There are many online sites that will help you create your own webpages and websites.

If you can use desktop publishing software and know how to insert images you will be able to create a webpage.

You then need to upload your pages to a web server. The server will store your pages online, which is known as ‘hosting’. It will also provide you with a ‘URL’ or website address that people can use to find your site.

Picture of a computer screen showing the building of a Class Pet Web Page
It has never been easier to make your own website. You can use desktop publishing software to build a webpage and when you are ready, you just have to click 'Publish'.

What about coding?

You don't have to write code to make a website. However it can sometimes be useful to understand what’s going on ‘behind’ your webpage.

HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is used to describe the structure and content of a webpage.

Here’s an example of HTML:

<h1>Welcome to the world of trees</h1>

<p>Hello World</p>

<img src=”/tree.jpg” width=”200”/>

In this example the ‘<h1>’ means that the text inside the brackets is a heading, ‘<p>’ is used to create a paragraph of text and ‘img src’ is short for image source. In this case the image is called 'tree.jpg' and will be 200 pixels wide.

CSS

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. These can be used to describe how parts for the webpage should look. You might for example want to use a particular font or layout on your web page.

Computer screen showing a hello world screen, with a tree on it.

Breaking down a URL

A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the address of a webpage. It is made up of a number of parts. Let's break down this URL: ‘http://www.bbc.com/newsround'.

http:// - Most URLs start with this, the hypertext transfer protocol. Some may start with ‘https’, which stands for 'Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure'.

www.bbc.com - This is the domain name, the unique name that identifies a website. Commons domain endings are .com, .co.uk, .gov, .sch or .edu.

/newsround - This is the directory name. The rest of the address tells you where the pages are stored on the webserver. This path takes you to the Newsround homepage on the BBC website.

A group of cartoon characters physically building a website together