What are settlements?
Settlements are places where people live and sometimes work. They can be small or large depending on how many people live there and how many facilities there are. Facilities are places where certain things happen, for example, schools for education, parks for playing or shops for selling things.
Types of settlement
- A hamlet is a very small settlement with just a group of houses.
- A village is also small but may have houses, a primary school, a few shops, a Post Office and a village hall.
- A town is larger than a village, with lots of houses, primary and secondary schools, as well as sometimes having a railway station and shopping centre.
- A city is the largest type of settlement, containing lots of buildings and lots of people. They usually have hospitals, sports facilities, universities, shops, offices, many houses and a cathedral.
In the UK however, some cities may be small. This is because some settlements have a cathedral and this makes them a city. For example, St Davids in Wales and the City of London in England.
Some settlements also have a special use, or function. For example:
- ports - by a river or sea for ships to transport goods
- market towns - where local farmers sell goods
- resorts - for people to go on holiday