In the early twentieth century renowned Russian architect Berthold Lubetkin was commissioned by London Zoo to design a gorilla house and penguin pool. Dan Cruickshank, a leading architectural and historical buildings expert, shows us these important structures which helped to launch modernistic architecture in Great Britain. The penguin pool is particularly important as it was one of the first attempts to creatively explore the possibilities of a new building material available in 1934 – reinforced concrete. Having studied the habits of penguins Lubetkin created a structure to provide an interesting environment for the penguins, a multiplicity of viewing angles for the spectators and a modernistic building. From 'British Movietone'.
This provides an illustration of how an architect has influenced design principles. Following the clip, students could be asked to consider the broad human and physical factors to be taken into account in the design process and why a range of structures are designed as they are. Explore the wider factors which need to be taken into consideration during the design process and apply knowledge and understanding of exploring alternative design solutions. Research historical and political elements including economic, social and aesthetic factors influencing the design process and how these elements have developed and changed over time.