Dumfries and Galloway in the west of Scotland receives much more rainfall than the Scottish Borders in the east. Weather conditions in Scotland are mostly brought by winds blowing in from the Atlantic to the west. These winds carry water vapour. When the winds blow over mountains, the vapour turns to rain. As the air moves east, there is less vapour and hence less rainfall. The Scottish Borders is mostly gently rolling farmland, home to sheep and arable farming. Crops are grown for sale and for feeding animals. In Dumfries and Galloway, fields are more uniformly used to grow grass on which dairy cows graze.
Pupils can use this clip as an introduction to the diversity of Scotland. They could then continue their research and compare and contrast the geography of the country using a graphic organiser such as a Venn diagram. Pupils could then be challenged to imagine they are a farmer and they are going to begin their career in Scotland. They should look carefully at maps and atlases and decide the location of their farm based on knowledge from the clip and subsequent research. They should justify their reasoning with geographical terminology.