In Roman times, there was no such country as Scotland. The Romans knew this part of the world as Caledonia. Evidence such as walls, forts, sculptures and other artefacts prove that the Romans did reach southern Caledonia. While some of the tribes living there attempted to resist the Romans, most of the tribes probably accepted the Roman invasion and lived peacefully alongside them.

First broadcast:
7 November 2008

From the arguments put forward in the clip, what evidence is there that the Romans invaded Scotland? How important therefore are artefacts as evidence in answering this question? Is there any room for ambiguity? Pupils could research Roman Caledonia and try to decide whether the Romans were welcomed by the native tribes, and if Roman occupation was good for the tribes, or bad? Why did the Romans come to Caledonia? Were people better off under the Romans? They could debate the question, "What did the Romans ever do for us?" They could produce a class timeline showing when the Romans came to Caledonia, major events during the Roman occupation, and when the Romans left.