Examining the calculated nature of Hitler's actions in the Rhineland and Austria, and how he used the preoccupation of Britain and France with the crisis in Abyssinia to act. There is a reconstruction of the Hossbach Memorandum, which asks whether he intended war by 1938 or was just prepared to take the risk. Hitler's bullying of Kurt Schuschnigg, the Austrian chancellor, is reconstructed, leading to the question of whether he would have acted without Austrian compliance.

First broadcast:
26 January 2012

This clip could be used as a starter to introduce the concept of appeasement. Students could be asked to assess how far Hitler was bluffing and how strong his case was before going on to look at the motivation and actions of Britain and France.