From the middle of the 19th Century, Highlanders suffering from the impact of the potato famine were channelled towards Australia by the government. At the same time, a gold rush was drawing prospectors from around the world. As existing Australians went in search of gold, the vacant jobs they left increased the job prospects for the arriving Scots.

First broadcast:
4 March 2004

The clip can lead to more specific study of Scots colonies in Australia and New Zealand. Establish links between particular areas of Scotland and settlements in Australia and New Zealand. Look for similarities between the locations and gauge what lasting influence Scottish migrants had on their new homes.