A report about the significant differences and adaptations between nocturnal and diurnal animals and birds. We watch some bats, owls, fishing cats and kookaburra. We also hear a lyre bird able to copy the sound of a car alarm, camera and chainsaw.

First broadcast:
24 February 2007

After viewing, ask pupils to name all the ways in which the nocturnal animals shown in the clip are adapted for night-time living. The children might mention features such as silent flying, or very large ears. Can pupils think of other animals that mostly sleep through the day and come out at night? They might suggest a cat, or a badger. Ask: "How are these creatures adapted to night-time living?" Pupils might mention the cat's excellent night vision, or the badger's stripes, that are bold and easy to spot in the daylight but resemble moonlit shadows at night. Ask pupils to imagine a fantasy creature that is perfectly adapted to nocturnal living. They could draw their creature and label all its features.