Settlements are places where people live. Many settlements have things in common and so they can be grouped to make it easier to study them.
Site - this is the place where the settlement is located, eg on a hill or in a sheltered valley.
Situation - this describes where the settlement is in relation to other settlements and the features of the surrounding area, eg is the settlement surrounded by forest or is it next to a large city?
Early settlers often looked for certain features in an area to make life easier:
Which of the four highlighted areas on the graphic below is the best site for a settlement? Select your preferred site to see if you're right.