Summary of inheritance terms

Genetics

TermDefinition
AllelesDifferent forms of a gene that produce different phenotypes
DominantAn allele that always produces a certain phenotype in an organism. It is represented by a capital letter.
GeneA sequence of DNA on a chromosome that contains coded instructions for making a specific protein
GenotypeAn individual's alleles for a particular characteristic
HeterozygousDescribes an individual who has inherited two different alleles of the same gene from their parents
HomozygousDescribes an individual who has inherited the same allele for a gene from their parents
PhenotypeThe outward appearance resulting from an individual's genotype for a particular characteristic
RecessiveAn allele whose effect on the phenotype can be masked by a dominant allele of the same gene. It is represented by a lower case letter.
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