The four factors

The four factors which impact performance are:

  • physical
  • mental
  • emotional
  • social

Four factors - Physical (two distance runners), Mental (brain), Emotional (tennis player celebrating), Social (hockey team)

Physical factor

Physical factors include:

  • fitness
  • skills
  • tactics

Mental factor

Mental factors cover thinking and cognitive processes, including:

  • decision-making
  • concentration
  • level of arousal

Emotional factor

Emotional factors express the main feelings associated with a performance. These include:

  • happiness
  • anger
  • fear
  • trust
  • surprise

Social factor

Social factors relate to aspects of:

  • participating with others
  • performing in isolation
  • issues around culture
  • issues around environment