Drugs used alongside heart conditions and transplants prolong life.
NHS data shows the life expectancy of heart transplant patients:
|Life expectancy (years)||Proportion of patients (%)|
|Drugs - statins||Reduce the risk of heart attack. Studies have shown a decrease in 'bad cholesterol' and an increase in 'good cholesterol'. Used to reduce high cholesterol levels that have genetic causes. May have beneficial effects on other conditions.||Not suitable for people with liver disease. Some side effects. Must be taken for life. Should not be taken if pregnant or breastfeeding.|
|Heart transplant||Improve quality of life.||Few donor hearts are available. Recovery time is long. There is a risk of rejection by the body's immune system.|
|Stents||Widen coronary arteries that have not responded to drug treatment. The recovery time is short following insertion of the stent.||In a minority of cases, further treatment is required.|
|Lifestyle changes||These include stopping smoking, reducing alcohol intake, eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. These changes will improve the health of all people; those with and without cardiovascular disease.||These changes alone may not be enough to prevent further complications.|