Adverbs

Adverbs are used to describe verbs. They can describe where, how and how often something happens and in what manner an action is done. Or put another way, it gives more information about the verb, eg:

  • ich tue es gern – I do it gladly/I'll happily do it
  • sie rennt schnell – she runs quickly

Adverbs are short phrases or words which can be added to sentences to give more information about the action.

curriculum-key-fact
Adverbs tell us:
  • when or how often something happens, eg sometimes, every year, at Christmas, etc
  • how the action is done, eg slowly, badly, etc - including what the person doing the action thinks of it
  • where it takes place, eg at school, in the shop, in Austria, etc

When and how often

WhenMeaningFrequencyMeaning
dieses Jahrthis yearabendsin the evenings
gesternyesterdayam Samstagon Saturday
heutetodaymorgensin the mornings
immeralwaysnach dem Filmafter the film
jeden Tagevery daynachmittagsin the afternoons
letzte Wochelast weeknächsten Sommernext summer
manchmalsometimessamstagson Saturdays
meistensmost of the timeschonalready
morgentomorrowsofortimmediately
nieneverum 7 Uhrat 07:00
normalerweisenormally, usuallyvor der Schulebefore school
oftoftenwährend der Wocheduring the week

How and the likelihood, when, or who with

HowMeaningWhen/whoMeaning
gutwellmit Freundenwith friends
hoffentlichhopefullymit Kaiwith Kai
langsamslowlynatürlichof course
leiderunfortunatelynoch nichtnot yet
nicht gernnot gladly/don't likesichercertainly
(sehr) gern(very) gladlyvielleichtmaybe
schnellquicklywahrscheinlichprobably
schönbeautifullyzusammentogether

Where and the specific location

WhereMeaningLocationMeaning
dort/dathereauf der Straßein the street
hierherebei meinem Freundat my friend's house (male)
in der Nähenearbybei mirat mine (my house)
in der Schuleat schooldraußenoutside
im Geschäftin the shopdrinnenindoors
in meinem Zimmerin my roomin der Schulein school
im Parkin the parkzu Hauseat home