Using quotations and useful phrases

When quoting from a text, remember to:

  • use quotation marks
  • quote accurately
  • quotes of three words or fewer can be used in the sentence you're writing - for example, when the writer talks about the 'futility of life' he means...
  • longer quotations need to be included on a line of their own and with a space before it (known as an indent)
  • short, well-chosen quotations are better than long ones

Remember that certain words and phrases are especially helpful when you're explaining an idea in detail. They can be particularly helpful if you are commenting on implicit meaning.


The following word bank shows you some of those useful phrases. You might be able to add some more:

Word cloud with the words 'this suggests', 'perhaps', 'obviously', 'this shows', 'which gives the impression that', 'this indicates that', 'this implies' and 'possibly'.
  • this implies
  • this suggests
  • which gives the impression that
  • possibly
  • perhaps
  • this indicates that
  • this shows
  • obviously


Some other words and phrases that may be useful are those that help move your argument on. These are called connectives. Here are some examples:

Word cloud with the words 'however', 'because', 'later', 'furthermore', 'also', 'as well as', 'and', 'then', 'at first', 'therefore', 'but' and 'in contrast'
  • however
  • therefore
  • in contrast
  • because
  • but
  • and
  • furthermore
  • also
  • then
  • at first
  • later
  • as well as