Aims, strengths and weaknesses - the basics

The League of Nations was set up by the Treaty of Versailles.

Its aims

  • To stop wars.
  • To encourage disarmament.
  • To make the world a better place by improving people's working conditions and by tackling disease.

Its organisation

  • An assembly, which met once a year.
  • A council, which met more regularly to consider crises.
  • A small secretariat to handle the paperwork.
  • A Court of International Justice.
  • A number of committees such as the International Labour Organisation and the Health Committee to carry out its humanitarian work.

Its main strengths

  • It was set up by the Treaty of Versailles, which every nation had signed.
  • It had 58 nations as members by the 1930s.
  • To enforce its will, it could offer arbitration through the Court of International Justice, or apply trade sanctions against countries that went to war.

Its main weaknesses

  • It was set up by the Treaty of Versailles (which every nation hated).
  • Its aims were too ambitious.
  • Germany, Russia and the USA were not members.
  • It had no army.
  • Its organisation was cumbersome.
  • Decisions had to be unanimous.