German demonstrative pronouns can be translated as ‘this’ or ‘these’ and ‘that’ or ‘those’:
They can be used with or without a noun.
They are declined like the definite article (der, die, das, die).
Here are some examples of demonstrative pronouns with a noun (nominative). What do they mean?
Now look at these sentences showing examples of demonstrative pronouns with the accusative and dative. What do they mean?
When used without a noun, demonstrative pronouns mean ‘this’ and ‘that’. However, dies und das is more often used nowadays to mean ‘this and that’ or ‘all sorts of things’, just like in English.
Dies und das is a children’s book from the 1920s by the Jewish writer Josefa Metz.
Germany and Austria were for years the homes of many influential Jewish people: Karl Marx, Albert Einstein, Felix Mendelssohn, Franz Kafka, Heinrich Heine, Sigmund Freud.
It is a crime to deny the Holocaust in modern Germany and the Jewish population there is now the third largest in Europe. Since Reunification in 1989, German Jewish literature has gained prominence and is becoming increasingly popular outside Europe.
Stolpersteine (literally: stumbling stones) are laid in the pavements of many German cities to commemorate those who died during the Holocaust. There is a Stolperstein dedicated to Josefa Metz in the town of Bielefeld.